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Zebrafish patient-derived xenograft models predict lymph node involvement and treatment outcome in non-small cell lung cancer
BioReperia AB, Linkoping, Sweden.
BioReperia AB, Linkoping, Sweden.
BioReperia AB, Linkoping, Sweden.
BioReperia AB, Linkoping, Sweden.
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2022 (English)In: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research, E-ISSN 1756-9966, Vol. 41, no 1, article id 58Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Accurate predictions of tumor dissemination risks and medical treatment outcomes are critical to personalize therapy. Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models in mice have demonstrated high accuracy in predicting therapeutic outcomes, but methods for predicting tumor invasiveness and early stages of vascular/lymphatic dissemination are still lacking. Here we show that a zebrafish tumor xenograft (ZTX) platform based on implantation of PDX tissue fragments recapitulate both treatment outcome and tumor invasiveness/dissemination in patients, within an assay time of only 3 days. Methods Using a panel of 39 non-small cell lung cancer PDX models, we developed a combined mouse-zebrafish PDX platform based on direct implantation of cryopreserved PDX tissue fragments into zebrafish embryos, without the need for pre-culturing or expansion. Clinical proof-of-principle was established by direct implantation of tumor samples from four patients. Results The resulting ZTX models responded to Erlotinib and Paclitaxel, with similar potency as in mouse-PDX models and the patients themselves, and resistant tumors similarly failed to respond to these drugs in the ZTX system. Drug response was coupled to elevated expression of EGFR, Mdm2, Ptch1 and Tsc1 (Erlotinib), or Nras and Ptch1 (Paclitaxel) and reduced expression of Egfr, Erbb2 and Foxa (Paclitaxel). Importantly, ZTX models retained the invasive phenotypes of the tumors and predicted lymph node involvement of the patients with 91% sensitivity and 62% specificity, which was superior to clinically used tests. The biopsies from all four patient tested implanted successfully, and treatment outcome and dissemination were quantified for all patients in only 3 days. Conclusions We conclude that the ZTX platform provide a fast, accurate, and clinically relevant system for evaluation of treatment outcome and invasion/dissemination of PDX models, providing an attractive platform for combined mouse-zebrafish PDX trials and personalized medicine.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMC , 2022. Vol. 41, no 1, article id 58
Keywords [en]
Cancer; Zebrafish; Metastasis; Dissemination; Drug response; Xenograft; Lymph node; PDX; ZTX
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-183231DOI: 10.1186/s13046-022-02280-xISI: 000753431700003PubMedID: 35139880OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-183231DiVA, id: diva2:1641534
Note

Funding Agencies|Linkoping University; H2020-MCSA-RISE-3DNEONET; H2020-MSCA-RISE-CRYSTAL3; VINNOVAVinnova

Available from: 2022-03-02 Created: 2022-03-02 Last updated: 2023-10-02

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Omar, ShengaFahlgren, AnnaJensen, Lasse
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Division of Diagnostics and Specialist MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDivision of Cell BiologyDepartment of Clinical Pharmacology
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