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Virtual planning of the anterolateral thigh free flap for heel reconstruction
Suez Canal Univ, Egypt.
Suez Canal Univ, Egypt.
Cairo Univ, Egypt.
Cairo Univ, Egypt.
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2022 (English)In: Microsurgery, ISSN 0738-1085, E-ISSN 1098-2752, Vol. 42, no 5, p. 460-469Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose three dimensional (3-D) virtual planning is an example of computer assisted surgery that improved management of composite tissue defects. However, converting the 3-D construct into two dimensional format is challenging. The purpose of this study was to assess 3-D virtual planning of complex heel defects for better optimized reconstruction. Patients and methods a prospective analysis of 10 patients [9 male and 1 female; mean age = 27.9 years] with post-traumatic heel defects was performed. Heel defects comprised types II (three patients) or III (seven patients) according to Hidalgo and Shaw and were managed using anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap adopting 3-D virtual planning of the actual defect which was converted into a silicone two dimensional mold. The mean definitive size of the defects was 63.4 cm(3). Functional, aesthetic, and sensory evaluations of both donor and recipient sites were performed 1 year after surgery. Results Six patients received thinned ALT (mean size = 139 cm(3)) while four patients received musculofasciocutaneous ALT flap (mean size = 199 cm(3)). One flap exhibited partial skin flap necrosis. Another flap was salvaged after re-exploration secondary to venous congestion. The mean follow-up was 20.2 months. The Maryland foot score showed 4 excellent, 5 good, and 1 fair cases. The mean American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle hind foot scoring was 76.3 (range: 69-86). All patients regained their walking capability. Conclusions 3-D virtual planning of complex heel defects facilitates covering non-elliptical defects while harvesting a conventional elliptical flap with providing satisfactory functional outcomes and near-normal contour, volume, and sensibility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2022. Vol. 42, no 5, p. 460-469
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-184371DOI: 10.1002/micr.30886ISI: 000776544800001PubMedID: 35362110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-184371DiVA, id: diva2:1653168
Available from: 2022-04-21 Created: 2022-04-21 Last updated: 2023-03-10Bibliographically approved

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Elmasry, Moustafa

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Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and OncologyFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Hand and Plastic Surgery
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