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Biomaterials as a Vital Frontier for Stem Cell-Based Tissue Regeneration
Aljalila Children Hosp, U Arab Emirates.
Univ Sharjah, U Arab Emirates.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Hand and Plastic Surgery.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Hand and Plastic Surgery. Ajman Univ, U Arab Emirates.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0463-1518
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2022 (English)In: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, E-ISSN 2296-634X, Vol. 10, article id 713934Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Biomaterials and tissue regeneration represent two fields of intense research and rapid advancement. Their combination allowed the utilization of the different characteristics of biomaterials to enhance the expansion of stem cells or their differentiation into various lineages. Furthermore, the use of biomaterials in tissue regeneration would help in the creation of larger tissue constructs that can allow for significant clinical application. Several studies investigated the role of one or more biomaterial on stem cell characteristics or their differentiation potential into a certain target. In order to achieve real advancement in the field of stem cell-based tissue regeneration, a careful analysis of the currently published information is critically needed. This review describes the fundamental description of biomaterials as well as their classification according to their source, bioactivity and different biological effects. The effect of different biomaterials on stem cell expansion and differentiation into the primarily studied lineages was further discussed. In conclusion, biomaterials should be considered as an essential component of stem cell differentiation strategies. An intense investigation is still required. Establishing a consortium of stem cell biologists and biomaterial developers would help in a systematic development of this field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media SA , 2022. Vol. 10, article id 713934
Keywords [en]
stem cells; biomaterials; tissue regeneration; topography; differentiation; bioengineering
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-184537DOI: 10.3389/fcell.2022.713934ISI: 000782096200001PubMedID: 35399531OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-184537DiVA, id: diva2:1654875
Available from: 2022-04-29 Created: 2022-04-29 Last updated: 2022-05-25

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Elmasry, MoustafaEl-Serafi, IbrahimEl-Serafi, Ahmed T.
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Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and OncologyFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Hand and Plastic Surgery
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