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Burn mass casualty incidents in Europe: A European response plan within the European Union Civil Protection Mechanism
Haukeland Hosp, Norway; Univ Bergen, Norway; Norwegian Directorate Hlth, Norway.
European Commiss, Belgium.
Grand Hop Charleroi, Belgium.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Hand and Plastic Surgery.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5903-2918
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2022 (English)In: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 1794-1804Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Burn care is centralized in highly specialized burn centers in Europe. These centers are of limited capacity and may be overwhelmed by a sudden surge in case of a burn mass casualty incident. Prior incidents in Europe and abroad have sustained high standards of care through well-orchestrated responses to share the burden of care in several burn centers. A burn mass casualty incident in Romania in 2015 sparked an initiative to strengthen the existing EU mechanisms. This paper aims to provide insight into developing a response plan for burn mass casualties within the EU Civil Protection Mechanism. Methods: The European Burns Association drafted medical guidelines for burn mass casualty incidents based on a literature review and an in-depth analysis of the Romanian incident. An online questionnaire surveyed European burn centers and EU States for burn mass casualty preparedness. Results: The Romanian burn mass casualty in 2015 highlighted the lack of a burn-specific mechanism, leading to the late onset of international transfers. In Europe, 71% of respondents had existing mass casualty response plans, though only 35% reported having a burn-specific plan. A burns response plan for burn mass casualties was developed and adopted as a Commission staff working document in preparation for further implementation. The plan builds on the existing Union Civil Protection Mechanism framework and the standards of the WHO Emergency Medical Teams initiative to provide 1) burn assessment teams for specialized in-hospital triage of patients, 2) specialized burn care across European burn centers, and 3) medevac capacities from participating states. Conclusion: The European burn mass casualty response plan could enable the delivery of high-level burn care in the face of an overwhelming incident in an affected European country. Further steps for integration and implementation of the plan within the Union Civil Protection Mechanism framework are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2022. Vol. 48, no 8, p. 1794-1804
Keywords [en]
Burns; Mass casualty incident; Burn mass casualty; Disaster planning; Disaster medicine; European Union
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-190947DOI: 10.1016/j.burns.2022.07.008ISI: 000899578900003PubMedID: 35987741OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-190947DiVA, id: diva2:1724855
Note

Funding Agencies|European Commission [ECHOB1-NP-2019-05]

Available from: 2023-01-09 Created: 2023-01-09 Last updated: 2023-05-04

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Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and OncologyFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Hand and Plastic Surgery
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