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Vuxeneleven i fokus: Att utforma metoder för individanpassad undervisning i en forskningscirkel vid Komvux
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
2023 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
The adult student in focus : To design methods for individually adapted teaching in a research circle at Komvux (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie tillhör deltagarorienterad forskning (PAR) i form av en forskningscirkel. Syftet var att beskriva och analysera en forskningscirkels kunskapsutveckling både gällande dess process och dess innehåll. Deltagarna i cirkeln var nio lärare som arbetar vid en komvuxskola och de undervisar vuxenelever i ämnena SFI, SVA och engelska. Forskningscirkelns fokus har varit frågor som gäller individanpassad undervisning inom komvuxutbildningar. I cirkeln har empiriska data kommit fram genom att låta deltagarna berätta sina livsberättelser om individanpassad undervisning och i gruppsamtal prata om individanpassad undervisning. I en växelverkan mellan deltagarnas erfarenheter om individanpassad undervisning och tidigare forskning inom detta område, arbetade vi i cirkeln fram metoder för individanpassad undervisning inom komvuxutbildningar. Deltagarna prövade dessa metoder i undervisningen. Metoderna som var utformade för individanpassad undervisning var både vitt och övergripande utformade, vilket var positivt på grund av att lärarna kunde anpassa metoderna och arbetssätten till varje elevgrupp och till enskilda vuxenelever. Resultatet visar att individanpassad undervisning bör utformas som individuell undervisning, en till en undervisning, mellan lärare och vuxenelev. Då kan vuxeneleven få individuell hjälp med studierna och eleven kan få arbetsuppgifter som är individuellt anpassad till hens förmåga att studera. Det har också framkommit att, det är viktigt att undervisningen är utformad utifrån relationell undervisning, vilket innebär att vuxeneleven både får möta lärare och andra elever under studiernas gång. Det innebär olika undervisningssätt som både är individanpassade, samtidigt som de utgår från en relationell undervisning. Det har framkommit i studien att relationell undervisning är särskilt viktigt i språkundervisningen. Det har också uppmärksammats individanpassade metoder som utgår från digital undervisning både inom individuell undervisning och relationell undervisning. I studien lyftes fram olika arbetssätt som utgår från digital undervisning.   

Abstract [en]

This study belongs to the research tradition Participatory Action Research (PAR) in the form of a Research Circle. The task was to describe and analyse the process and content of knowledge development within a Research Circle. The participants in this circle were nine teacher who work at komvux, and teach adult students in subject such as SFI, SVA and English. In this circle with participating teachers, issues of individually adapted teaching in adult education have been in focus. In this circle, empirical data has been highlighted by having the participants tell life stories and in group interviews about the individualized teaching. In an interaction between the participants´ experiences of individually adapted teaching and previous research in this area, we in the circle developed methods for individually adapted teaching in adult education. The participants tried these methods in their teaching. The methods that were developed for individually adapted teaching were both broadly and comprehensive designed, which was positive because then the teacher can adapt the teaching methods to each student group and individual adult student. The result indicate that the individually adapted teaching needs to be designed based on individual teaching, one to one teaching between teacher and adult student. Then the adult student can receive individual support in their studies and receive tasks that are individually adapted to the student´s ability to study. It is also important that the teaching is designed based on relational teaching, were the adult student both meets the teacher and other students during the course of study. This means different working methods in teaching that are individually adapted based on relational teaching. Relational teaching is especially important in language teaching. It has also been highlighted methods for individually adapted teaching based on digital teaching which is both based on individual teaching and relational teaching. This digital teaching is based on different working methods that are highlighted in this study. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2023. , p. 159
Series
LiU-PEK-R / Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning (2007-) ; 268
Keywords [en]
Municipal Adult Education, Individualized Teaching, Individual Teaching, Relational Teaching, Digital Teaching, SFI (Swedish for immigrants), SVA (Swedish as a second language), English, Participatory Action Research (PAR), Research Circle, Life History, Group Interviews
Keywords [sv]
Komvux, Individanpassad undervisning, Individuell undervisning, Relationell undervisning, Digitalundervisning, SFI (svenska för invandrare), SVA (svenska som andraspråk), Engelska, Deltagarorienterad forskning (PAR), Forskningscirkel, Livsberättelser, Gruppsamtal
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-199207DOI: 10.3384/9789180754583ISBN: 9789180754576 (print)ISBN: 9789180754583 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-199207DiVA, id: diva2:1812846
Presentation
2023-12-15, I207, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2023-11-17 Created: 2023-11-17 Last updated: 2023-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Gunnarsson, Ann-Charlotte

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