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Wound infection among children with moderate burns – An explorative review of the association between reported frequency and diagnosis
Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Hand and Plastic Surgery. Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8556-1234
Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Division of Inflammation and Infection. Region Östergötland, Medicine Center, Department of Infectious Diseases.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8250-8785
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Hand and Plastic Surgery.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8027-9632
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Hand and Plastic Surgery.
2023 (English)In: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 742-753Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The Linkoping burn centre in Sweden has, even though being a high income country, reported high burn wound infections (BWI) frequencies in scalded children compared to similar populations in other parts of the world.

Aim: The aim was to investigate possible explanations for differences in frequency of BWI among children with partial thickness burns treated at the Linköping burn centre in Sweden, and that reported in other studies.

Method: In order to investigate what BWI criteria that were used in similar studies a literature search on PubMed Central was done along with a retrospective analysis of children previously diagnosed as infected to confirm or reject the high infection frequency reported earlier.

Result: Of the 34 selected publications reporting on BWI frequency 16 (47%) did not define a criteria for the BWI diagnosis and almost a third did not report on wound culturing. Of those who did report the use a third do not mention any bacterial growth found is these cultures. The retrospective analysis on children at the centre did not show any decrease in infection frequency even with some disagreement on onset for the BWI.

Conclusion: The reporting of criteria and diagnosis of burn wound infection is highly variable making it difficult to interpret results and come to conclusions. The high frequency of BWI at the centre might be a result of close monitoring due to study participation, use of clean instead of sterile routine at dressing changes or low thresholds for the diagnosis in respect to changes in infection markers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023. Vol. 50, no 3, p. 742-753
Keywords [en]
Burns; Children; Infection; Partial thickness burns; Scalds
National Category
Infectious Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-200889DOI: 10.1016/j.burns.2023.12.008ISI: 001226259000001PubMedID: 38245392Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85183153628OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-200889DiVA, id: diva2:1837977
Available from: 2024-02-15 Created: 2024-02-15 Last updated: 2024-05-31Bibliographically approved

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Karlsson, MatildaÖstholm Balkhed, ÅseSteinvall, IngridElmasry, Moustafa

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Karlsson, MatildaÖstholm Balkhed, ÅseSteinvall, IngridElmasry, Moustafa
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Faculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Hand and Plastic SurgeryDivision of Surgery, Orthopedics and OncologyDivision of Inflammation and InfectionDepartment of Infectious Diseases
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