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Two Essays on the Economics of Discrimination: Ethnicity and Gender in the Labour Market and Welfare System
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2024 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis covers two areas of the labour market not commonly studied in the context of discrimination: potential bias of job seekers against employers based on ethnicity and gender, and discrimination against employment seekers in the context of the unemployment insurance system. Utilizing survey experiments, both studies yield robust null results. Overall, these studies contribute to the understanding of discrimination dynamics in the labour market and welfare systems. Paper I shows that job seekers may not be motivated by discriminatory practices when seeking employment. However, more research is needed, and future work should be focused on natural experiments to prevent limitations similar to those in our study. Paper II highlights the importance of strict legal frameworks and of maintaining rigorous standards in public service delivery to mitigate discriminatory practices. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2024. , p. 9
Series
Faculty of Arts and Sciences thesis, ISSN 1401-4637 ; 135
Keywords [en]
Discrimination, Job search, Labour demand, Labour supply, Workers, Employers, Unemployment insurance, Welfare, Public administration, Decision-making
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-202977DOI: 10.3384/9789180756525ISBN: 9789180756518 (print)ISBN: 9789180756525 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-202977DiVA, id: diva2:1853608
Presentation
2024-05-20, Diana, A-Building, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Funding: Swedish Unemployment Insurance Inspectorate

Available from: 2024-04-23 Created: 2024-04-23 Last updated: 2024-04-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Do ethnicity and sex of employers affect applicants job interest?: An experimental exploration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do ethnicity and sex of employers affect applicants job interest?: An experimental exploration
2020 (English)In: JOURNAL FOR LABOUR MARKET RESEARCH, ISSN 2510-5019, Vol. 54, no 1, article id 15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Starting a business is one way out of unemployment for many people. Having a small pool of job applicants may, however, affect the quality of manpower available to employers. This paper reports the results of an experimental study that examined whether job-seekers discriminate against prospective employers based on those employers ethnicity and sex. We conducted an experiment with 889 university students, where we presented 10 hypothetical job vacancies in the restaurant sector to the participants. We then asked participants to state their willingness to apply to each job. The ethnicity and sex of the employers were conveyed through employers names by using typical male and female Arabic- and Swedish-sounding names. Overall, our results provided no evidence of ethnic or sex discrimination by job-seekers against employers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2020
Keywords
Discrimination; Job search; Labor demand; Labor supply; Workers; Employers; J71; J29
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-171470 (URN)10.1186/s12651-020-00281-x (DOI)000582921100001 ()2-s2.0-85094649478 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council [2018-03487]

Available from: 2020-11-20 Created: 2020-11-20 Last updated: 2024-04-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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