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  • 1.
    Abbas, Ashraf H.
    et al.
    Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Dept., Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Dept., Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Adly, Osama A.
    Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Dept., Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Elbadawy, Mohamed A.
    Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Dept., Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Moati, Taha Ali
    General Surgery department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Aesthetic Outcome After Reconstruction of Complex SoftTissue Defects with Free Antero-Lateral Thigh Flap UsingSimple Equipment2015Ingår i: Journal of surgery, ISSN 2330-0914, Vol. 3, nr 2-1, s. 36-41Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: We aimed to assess the aesthetic outcome of surgical reconstruction by free ALT flap using binocular single-refraction magnifying glasses and a modified post- operative surveillance protocol. Methods: 16 patients were operated for free antero-lateral thigh flap to reconstruct complex soft tissue defects with a close clinical follow up protocol for post operative care depending on the attending personnel in the Plastic surgery unit, Suez Canal University hospital, Ismailia, Egypt. Aesthetic outcome was assessed using a questionnaire based on Posch et al. 2005, including the following items colour, contour, presence of hair, overall appearance and donor site scar. Results: The patients’ assessed aesthetic outcome was acceptable in majority of the cases; median score was 4 for all assessed items. Complete flap loss occurred in one case, other complications as arterial thrombosis and hematomas and infection were detected and managed accordingly with flap salvage in the 3 complicated cases. Conclusion: The result suggests that the proposed protocol is sufficient as an alternative. The aesthetic outcome assessed by the patient and the failure rate was in line with other studies.

  • 2.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Validation of the burn intervention score in a National Burn Centre2018Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, nr 5, s. 1159-1166Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Linköping burn score has been used for two decades to calculate the cost to the hospital of each burned patient. Our aim was to validate the Burn Score in a dedicated Burn Centre by analysing the associations with burn-specific factors: percentage of total body surface area burned (TBSA%), cause of injury, patients referred from other (non-specialist) centres, and survival, to find out which of these factors resulted in higher scores. Our second aim was to analyse the variation in scores of each category of care (surveillance, respiration, circulation, wound care, mobilisation, laboratory tests, infusions, and operation).

    We made a retrospective analysis of all burned patients admitted during the period 2000–15. Multivariable regression models were used to analyse predictive factors for an increased daily burn score, the cumulative burn score (the sum of the daily burn scores for each patient) and the total burn score (total sum of burn scores for the whole group throughout the study period) in addition to sub-analysis of the different categories of care that make up the burn score.

    We retrieved 22 301 daily recordings for inpatients. Mobilisation and care of the wound accounted for more than half of the total burn score during the study. Increased TBSA% and age over 45 years were associated with increased cumulative (model R2 0.43, p < 0.001) and daily (model R2 0.61, p < 0.001) burn scores. Patients who died had higher daily burn scores, while the cumulative burn score decreased with shorter duration of hospital stay (p < 0.001).

    To our knowledge this is the first long term analysis and validation of a system for scoring burn interventions in patients with burns that explores its association with the factors important for outcome. Calculations of costs are based on the score, and it provides an indicator of the nurses’ workload. It also gives important information about the different dimensions of the care provided from thorough investigation of the scores for each category.

  • 3.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Olofsson, Pia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Division of overall duration of stay into operative stay and postoperative stay improves the overall estimate as a measure of quality of outcome in burn care.2017Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, nr 3, artikel-id e0174579Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients and Methods: Surgically managed burn patients admitted between 2010-14 were included. Operative stay was defined as the time from admission until the last operation, postoperative stay as the time from the last operation until discharge. The difference in variation was analysed with F-test. A retrospective review of medical records was done to explore reasons for extended postoperative stay. Multivariable regression was used to assess factors associated with operative stay and postoperative stay.less thanbr /greater thanResults: Operative stay/TBSA% showed less variation than total duration/TBSA% (F test = 2.38, pless than0.01). The size of the burn, and the number of operations, were the independent factors that influenced operative stay (R2 0.65). Except for the size of the burn other factors were associated with duration of postoperative stay: wound related, psychological and other medical causes, advanced medical support, and accommodation arrangements before discharge, of which the two last were the most important with an increase of (mean) 12 and 17 days (pless than0.001, R2 0.51).less thanbr /greater thanConclusion: Adjusted operative stay showed less variation than total hospital stay and thus can be considered a more accurate outcome measure for surgically managed burns. The size of burn and number of operations are the factors affecting this outcome measure.

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  • 4.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Improvement in mortality at a National Burn Centre since 2000: Was it the result of increased resources?2017Ingår i: Medicine, ISSN 0025-7974, E-ISSN 1536-5964, Vol. 96, nr 25, artikel-id e6727Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract The aim of this study was to find out whether the charging costs (calculated using interventional burn score) increased as mortality decreased. During the last 2 decades, mortality has declined significantly in the Linköping Burn Centre. The burn score that we use has been validated as a measure of workload and is used to calculate the charging costs of each burned patient. We compared the charging costs and mortality in 2 time periods (2000–2007 and 2008–2015). A total of 1363 admissions were included. We investigated the change in the burn score, as a surrogate for total costs per patient. Multivariable regression was used to analyze risk-adjusted mortality and burn score. The median total body surface area % (TBSA%) was 6.5% (10–90 centile 1.0–31.0), age 33 years (1.3–72.2), duration of stay/ TBSA% was 1.4 days (0.3–5.3), and 960 (70%) were males. Crude mortality declined from 7.5% in 2000–2007 to 3.4% in 2008–2015, whereas the cumulative burn score was not increased (P=.08). Regression analysis showed that risk-adjusted mortality decreased (odds ratio 0.42, P=.02), whereas the adjusted burn score did not change (P=.14, model R2 0.86). Mortality decreased but there was no increase in the daily use of resources as measured by the interventional burn score. The data suggest that the improvements in quality obtained have been achieved within present routines for care of patients (multidisciplinary/ orientated to patients’ safety).

    Abbreviation: TBSA% = total body surface area %.

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  • 5.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Olofsson, Pia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Nettelblad, Hans
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi.
    Zdolsek, Johann
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi.
    Versatility of the Extensor Digitorum Brevis Muscle Flap in Lower Limb Reconstruction2018Ingår i: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open, E-ISSN 2169-7574, Vol. 6, nr 12, artikel-id e2071Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Reconstruction of complex defects in the lower leg is a challenge. Although microvascular free tissue transfer is a popular technique, experience and available resources limit its use. Furthermore, free tissue transfer is not always required in the reconstruction of small lower leg defects, as many of them can be reconstructed with local alternatives such as an extensor digitorum brevis flap (EDB). Our aim was to describe our experience of the last 20 years with the EDB as a local muscle flap to cover small complex lower leg defects to establish its clinical feasibility and to document its associated complications. Methods: All adult patients who were operated with EDB flap reconstruction of the lower limb during 1997–2017 at the Department of Hand and Plastic Surgery, Linköping University Hospital, were included in this retrospective study. Results: Of 64 patients operated, only 7 had total flap failure, and the rate of complete success was 73% (47/64). Most of the skin defects were associated with fractures or complications thereof and were located in the ankle region, the dorsum of the foot, and the distal third of tibia or even the proximal tibia. Defects in the malleolar region and coexisting cardiovascular condition were factors associated with flap loss (either partial or total). Conclusion: The pedicled EDB-flap has, in our hands, proved to be a versatile and safe reconstructive option in the reconstruction of small defects in the lower leg and foot. Long-time follow-up is, however, recommended. 

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  • 6.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Turesson, Christina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Hansson, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Needle Fasciotomy or Collagenase Injection in the Treatment of Dupuytren’s Contracture: A Retrospective Study2020Ingår i: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open, E-ISSN 2169-7574, Vol. 8, nr 1Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dupuytren’s contracture is common among older people in Sweden. Previous studies comparing the treatment with an injection of collagenase with percutaneous needle fasciotomy found no differences. Methods: We retrospectively compared the degree of improvement in the deficit in extension of the joints in 2 groups of patients who had been treated with collagenase (71 fingers) or needle fasciotomy (109 fingers) before and 1 year after treatment. We compared the improvement of the extension deficit among the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal joints before and after the intervention; additionally, the level of improvement was classified into 3 levels (mild = 0° to 29°; moderate = 30° to 60°; considerable = 61° and more). Results: The degree of improvement of extension in the MCP joints was 11° greater in the collagenase group (P = 0.001). The number of patients who had an improvement of >60° (considerable) in extension was greater in the collagenase group (P = 0.02). Conclusion: Collagenase was more effective than needle fasciotomy in treating extension deficits of the MCP joints in Dupuytren’s contracture in this retrospective analysis. Further prospective studies are required to confirm the finding.

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  • 7.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Moghazy, Amr
    Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Abbas, Ashraf
    Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Adly, Osama
    Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Elbadawy, Mohamed
    Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, ANOPIVA US.
    A prospective randomized cost billing comparison of local fasciocutaneous perforator versus free Gracilis flap reconstruction for lower limb in a developing economy2016Ingår i: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, ISSN 1748-6815, E-ISSN 1878-0539, Vol. 69, nr 8, s. 1121-1127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Distal half leg complex wounds are usually a formidable problem that necessitates either local or free flap coverage. The aim of this study was to compare cost billing charges in free Gracilis flap (fGF) and local fasciocutaneous perforator flap (lFPF) in reconstructing complex soft tissue leg and foot defects. Patients and methods: Thirty consecutive adult (amp;gt; 15-year-old) patients with soft tissue defects in the leg and/or foot requiring tissue coverage with a flap in the period between 2012 and 2015 were randomly assigned (block randomization) to either an fGF or lFPF procedure. The outcome measures addressed were total billed charges costs, perioperative billed charges cost, partial or complete flap loss, length of hospital stay, inpatient postsurgical care duration, complications, operating time and number of operative scrub staff. Results: One patient suffered from complete flap loss in each group. Reconstruction with lFPF showed total lower billed charges costs by 62% (2509 USD) (p amp;lt; 0.001) and perioperative billed charges cost by 54% (779 USD) (p amp;lt; 0.001), and shorter total hospital stay (36.5 days; p amp;lt; 0.001), inpatient postsurgical care duration (6.4 days; p amp;lt; 0.001), operating time (4.3 h; p amp;lt; 0.001) and fewer scrub staff (2.2 persons; p amp;lt; 0.001). Conclusion: These results suggest that neither flap is totally superior to the other; the choice should instead be based on the outcome sought and logistics. lFPF requires lower billed charges cost and resource use and saves operative time and personnel and reduces length of hospital stay. Our approach changed towards using perforator flaps in medium-sized defects, keeping the free flap option for larger defects. (C) 2016 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 8.
    Abdelrahman, Islam Mohamedy
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, ANOPIVA US.
    Response to comments on: A prospective randomized cost billing comparison of local fasciocutaneous perforator versus free Gracilis flap reconstruction for lower limb in a developing economy2017Ingår i: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, ISSN 1748-6815, E-ISSN 1878-0539, Vol. 70, nr 9, s. 1307-1308Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Abdelrahman, Islam Mohamedy
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. The Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Mossaad, Bassem
    The Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US (ANOPIVA).
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. The Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Evaluation of Male Breast Glandular Liposculpturing, Response on Commentary2019Ingår i: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, ISSN 0364-216X, E-ISSN 1432-5241, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 548-549Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 10.
    Abdelrahman, Islam Mohamedy
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Suez Canal Univ, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Mossaad, Bassem
    Suez Canal Univ, Egypt.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Suez Canal Univ, Egypt.
    Male Breast Glandular Liposculpturing, Response on Commentary2018Ingår i: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, ISSN 0364-216X, E-ISSN 1432-5241, Vol. 42, nr 6, s. 1709-1710Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 11.
    Abdelrahman, Islam Mohamedy
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Suez Canal Univ, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Mossaad, Bassem
    Suez Canal Univ, Egypt.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Suez Canal Univ, Egypt.
    Male Breast Glandular Liposculpture Challenges2018Ingår i: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, ISSN 0364-216X, E-ISSN 1432-5241, Vol. 42, nr 5, s. 1437-1437Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 12.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, ANOPIVA US.
    Lidocaine infusion has a 25% opioid-sparing effect on background pain after burns: A prospective, randomised, double-blind, controlled trial2020Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 46, nr 2, s. 465-471Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The pain of a burn mainly results from the inflammatory cascade that is induced by the injured tissue, and is classified as background, breakthrough, procedural and postoperative pain. High doses of opioids are usually needed to treat background pain, so its management includes a combination of types of analgesia to reduce the side effects. Lidocaine given intravenously has been shown in two small, uncontrolled studies to have an appreciable effect on pain after burns.

    Objectives

    In this prospective double-blind controlled trial we aimed to examine and quantify the opioid-sparing effect of a continuous infusion of lidocaine for the treatment of background pain during the early period after a burn.

    Methods

    Adult patients injured with burns of >10 total body surface area burned (TBSA%) and treated with a morphine based patient-controlled analgesia device (PCA) were randomised to have either lidocaine infusion starting with a bolus dose (1 mg lidocaine/kg) followed by continuous infusion (180 mg lidocaine/hour) or a placebo infusion, for seven consecutive days. Total daily consumption of opioids (mg) and amount of pain (visual analogue score, VAS) were recorded.

    Results

    We included 19 patients, 10 of whom were given a lidocaine infusion. There were no differences between groups in VAS, TBSA%, time of enrolment to the study since the initial burn, or duration of hospital stay. The opioid consumption in the lidocaine group declined by roughly 25% during the period of the study.

    Conclusion

    An intravenous infusion of lidocaine was safe and had an opioid-sparing effect when treating background pain in burns.

  • 13.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. The Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. The Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Use of the burn intervention score to calculate the charges of the care of burns2019Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 45, nr 2, s. 303-309Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background To our knowledge this is the first published estimate of the charges of the care of burns in Sweden. The Linköping Burn Interventional Score has been used to calculate the charges for each burned patient since 1993. The treatment of burns is versatile, and depends on the depth and extension of the burn. This requires a flexible system to detect the actual differences in the care provided. We aimed to describe the model of burn care that we used to calculate the charges incurred during the acute phase until discharge, so it could be reproduced and applied in other burn centres, which would facilitate a future objective comparison of the expenses in burn care. Methods All patients admitted with burns during the period 2010–15 were included. We analysed clinical and economic data from the daily burn scores during the acute phase of the burn until discharge from the burn centre. Results Total median charge/patient was US$ 28 199 (10th–90th centiles 4668-197 781) for 696 patients admitted. Burns caused by hot objects and electricity resulted in the highest charges/TBSA%, while charges/day were similar for the different causes of injury. Flame burns resulted in the highest mean charges/admission, probably because they had the longest duration of stay. Mean charges/patient increased in a linear fashion among the different age groups. Conclusion Our intervention-based estimate of charges has proved to be a valid tool that is sensitive to the procedures that drive the costs of the care of burns such as large TBSA%, intensive care, and operations. The burn score system could be reproduced easily in other burn centres worldwide and facilitate the comparison regardless of the differences in the currency and the economic circumstances.

  • 14.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Suez Canal Univ, Surg Dept, Plast Surg Unit, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Mossaad, Bassem
    Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department Suez, Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Evaluation of Glandular Liposculpture as a Single Treatment for Grades I and II Gynaecomastia2018Ingår i: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, ISSN 0364-216X, E-ISSN 1432-5241, Vol. 42, nr 2, s. 1222-1230Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Gynaecomastia is a benign enlargement of the male breast, of which the psychological burden on the patient can be considerable, with the increased risk of disorders such as depression, anxiety, and social phobia. Minimal scarring can be achieved by liposuction alone, though it is known to have a limited effect on the dense glandular and fibroconnective tissues. We know of few studies published on “liposuction alone”, so we designed this study to evaluate the outcome of combining liposuction with glandular liposculpturing through two axillary incisions as a single treatment for the management of grades I and II gynaecomastia.

    Methods

    We made a retrospective analysis of 18 patients with grade I or II gynaecomastia who were operated on by combined liposuction and glandular liposculpturing using a fat disruptor cannula, without glandular excision, during the period 2014–2016. Patient satisfaction was assessed using the Breast Evaluation Questionnaire (BEQ), which is a 5-point Likert scale (1 = very dissatisfied; 2 = dissatisfied; 3 = neither; 4 = satisfied; 5 = very satisfied). The post-operative aesthetic appearance of the chest was evaluated by five independent observers on a scale from 1 to 5 (5 = considerable improvement).

    Results

    The patient mean (SD) overall satisfaction score was 4.7 (0.7), in which 92% of the responders were “satisfied” to “very satisfied”. The mean (SD) BEQ for all questions answered increased from 2.1 (0.2) “dissatisfied” preoperatively to 4.1 (0.2) “satisfied” post-operatively. The observers’ mean (SD) rate for the improvement in the shape of the front chest wall was 4.1 (0.7). No haematomas were recorded, one patient developed a wound infection, and two patients complained of remnants of tissue. The median (IQR) body mass index was 27.4 (26.7–29.4), 11 patients had gynaecomastia grade I, and 7 patients grade II. The median (IQR) volume of aspirated fat was 700 ml (650–800), operating time was 67 (65–75) minutes, 14 patients had general anaesthesia, and hospital charges were US$ 538 (481–594).

    Conclusions

    Combined liposuction and liposculpturing using the fat disruptor cannula resulted in satisfied patients and acceptable outcomes according to the observers’ ratings. It could be a useful alternative with an outcome that corresponds to that of more expensive methods.

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  • 15.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, ANOPIVA US.
    Ellabban, Mohamed A.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Zdolsek, Johann
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Pros and Cons of Early and Late Skin Grafting in Children with Burns—Evaluation of Common Concepts2022Ingår i: European Burn Journal, E-ISSN 2673-1991, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 180-187Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is no consensus regarding the timing of surgery in children with smallerburn size, specifically in deep dermal burns. Delayed surgery has risks in terms of infection anddelayed wound healing. Early surgery also risks the removal of potentially viable tissue. Our aim wasto investigate the effect of the timing of surgical intervention on the size of the area operated on andthe time to wound healing. Methods: A retrospective analysis for all children (<18 years) with burnsize <20% body surface area (BSA%) during 2009–2020 who were operated on with a split-thicknessskin graft. The patients were grouped by the timing of the first skin graft operation: early = operatedon within 14 days of injury; delayed = operated on more than two weeks after injury. Results: A totalof 84 patients were included in the study, 43 who had an early operation and 41 who had a delayedoperation. There were no differences between the groups regarding burn size, or whether the burnswere superficial or deep. The mean duration of healing time was seven days longer in the group withdelayed operation (p = 0.001). The area operated on was somewhat larger (not significantly so) in thegroup who had early operation. Nine children had two skin graft operations, eight in the early groupand one in the delayed group (p = 0.03). Conclusion: The patients who were operated on early hadthe advantage of a shorter healing time, but there was a higher rate of complementary operationsand a tendency towards a larger burn excision.

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  • 16.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Vieweg, Rosa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, ANOPIVA US.
    Irschik, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, ANOPIVA US.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Development of delirium: Association with old age, severe burns, and intensive care2020Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 46, nr 4, s. 797-803Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Delirium is defined as a disturbance of attention and awareness that develops over a short period of time, is a change from the baseline, and typically fluctuates over time. Burn care involves a high prevalence of known risk factors for delirium such as sedation, inflammation, and prolonged stay in hospital. Our aim was to explore the extent of delirium and the impact of factors associated with it for adult patients who have been admitted to hospital with burns. Methods In this retrospective study, all adult patients who had been admitted with burns during a four-year period were studied, including both those who were treated with intensive care and intermediate care only (no intensive care). Daily records of the assessment of delirium using the Nursing Delirium Screening Scale (Nu-DESC) were analysed together with age, sex, the percentage of total body surface area burned, operations, and numbers of wound care procedures under anaesthesia, concentrations of plasma C-reactive protein, and other clinical variables. Logistic regression was used to analyse factors that were associated with delirium and its effect on mortality, and linear regression was used to analyse its effect on the duration of hospital stay. Results Fifty-one patients (19%) of the total 262 showed signs of delirium (Nu-DESC score of 2 or more) at least once during their stay in hospital. Signs of delirium were recorded in 42/89 patients (47%) who received intensive care, and in 9/173 (5%) who had intermediate care. Independent factors for delirium in the multivariable regression were: age over 74 years; number of operations and wound care procedures under anaesthesia; and the provision of intensive care (area under the curve 0.940, 95% CI 0.899–0.981). Duration of hospital stay, adjusted for age and burn size, was 13.2 (95% CI 7.4–18.9, p < 0.001) days longer in the group who had delirium. We found no independent effects of delirium on mortality. Conclusion We found a strong association between delirium and older age, provision ofr intensive care, and number of interventions under anaesthesia. A further 5% of patients who did not receive intensive care also showed signs of delirium, which is a finding that deserves to be thoroughly investigated in the future.

  • 17.
    Aboelnaga, Ahmed
    et al.
    Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Adly, Osama A.
    Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Elbadawy, Mohamed A.
    Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Abbas, Ashraf H.
    Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Salah, Omar
    Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Egypt.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Microbial cellulose dressing compared with silver sulphadiazine for the treatment of partial thickness burns: A prospective, randomised, clinical trial2018Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 44, nr 8, s. 1982-1988Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The current treatment for partial thickness burns at the trial site is silver sulphadiazine, as it minimises bacterial colonisation of wounds. Its deleterious effect on wound healing, together with the need for repeated, often painful, procedures, has brought about the search for a better treatment. Microbial cellulose has shown promising results that avoid these disadvantages. The aim of this study was therefore to compare microbial cellulose with silver sulphadiazine as a dressing for partial thickness burns.

    Method

    All patients who presented with partial thickness (superficial and deep dermal) burns from October 2014 to October 2016 were screened for this randomised clinical trial. Twenty patients were included in each group: the cellulose group was treated with microbial cellulose sheets and the control group with silver sulphadiazine cream 10 mg/g. The wound was evaluated every third day. Pain was assessed using the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) scale during and after each procedure. Other variables recorded were age, sex, percentage total body surface area burned (TBSA%), clinical signs of infection, time for epithelialisation and hospital stay. Linear multivariable regression was used to analyse the significance of differences between the treatment groups by adjusting for the size and depth of the burn, and the patient’s age.

    Results

    Median TBSA% was 9% (IQR 5.5–12.5). The median number of dressing changes was 1 (IQR 1–2) in the cellulose group, which was lower than that in the control group (median 9.5, IQR 6–16) (p < 0.001). Multivariable regression analysis showed that the group treated with microbial cellulose spent 6.3 (95% CI 0.2–12.5) fewer days in hospital (p = 0.04), had a mean score that was 3.4 (95% CI 2.5–4.3) points lower during wound care (p < 0.001), and 2.2 (95% CI 1.6–2.7) afterwards (p < 0.001). Epithelialisation was quicker, but not significantly so.

    Conclusion

    These results suggest that the microbial cellulose dressing is a better first choice for treatment of partial thickness burns than silver sulphadiazine cream. Fewer dressings of the wound were done and, combined with the low pain scores, this is good for both the patients and the health care system. The differences in randomisation of the area of burns is, however, a concern that needs to be included in the interpretation of the results.

  • 18.
    Alghazali, Raghad
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Nugud, Ahmed
    Univ Edinburgh, Scotland; Sheikh Khalifa Med City, U Arab Emirates.
    Elserafy, Ahmed
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Glycan Modifications as Regulators of Stem Cell Fate2024Ingår i: Biology, E-ISSN 2079-7737, Vol. 13, nr 2, artikel-id 76Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Simple Summary Stem cells represent hope for millions of patients seeking prompt recovery. Unfortunately, the process of converting stem cells into the target cells that will replace the failed or lost organ is still incompletely efficient. One of the underestimated factors that can affect this process is the complex sugar content on the cell surface or in the surrounding environment. In this article, we briefly reviewed the main types of sugars added to the surface of cell proteins, followed by a reflection on their role in stem cells at their original state and during their transformation to a specialized cell type, such as the cells of bones, heart, brain, etc. By the end, we explained different strategies that can be used to increase the efficiency of this process by adding certain types of sugars to the environment around the cells or a three-dimensional composite. Understanding the role of added sugars in the process of stem cell differentiation can provide another clue, ultimately advancing the field of regenerative medicine.Abstract Glycosylation is a process where proteins or lipids are modified with glycans. The presence of glycans determines the structure, stability, and localization of glycoproteins, thereby impacting various biological processes, including embryogenesis, intercellular communication, and disease progression. Glycans can influence stem cell behavior by modulating signaling molecules that govern the critical aspects of self-renewal and differentiation. Furthermore, being located at the cell surface, glycans are utilized as markers for stem cell pluripotency and differentiation state determination. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current literature, focusing on the effect of glycans on stem cells with a reflection on the application of synthetic glycans in directing stem cell differentiation. Additionally, this review will serve as a primer for researchers seeking a deeper understanding of how synthetic glycans can be used to control stem cell differentiation, which may help establish new approaches to guide stem cell differentiation into specific lineages. Ultimately, this knowledge can facilitate the identification of efficient strategies for advancing stem cell-based therapeutic interventions.

  • 19.
    Allorto, Nikki
    et al.
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.
    Rencken, Camerin A.
    Brown Univ, RI USA.
    Wall, Shelley
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, South Africa; Univ KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.
    Pompermaier, Laura
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Factors impacting time to surgery and the effect on in-hospital mortality2021Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 47, nr 4, s. 922-929Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Early surgery improves outcomes after burn injuries but is often not available in limited resource settings (LRS), where a more conservative approach is widespread. This study aimed to analyze factors associated with delay in surgical treatment, and the impact on in-hospital mortality. Methods: All patients with burns treated with surgery between 2016 and 2019 at the Pietermaritzburg Burn Service, in South Africa, were included in this retrospective study. Early surgery was defined as patients who underwent surgery within 7 days from injury. The population was analyzed descriptively and differences between groups were tested using t-test, and chi(2) test or Fishers exact test, as appropriate. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of delay in surgical treatment on in-hospital mortality, after adjustment for confounders. Results: During the study period, 620 patients with burns underwent surgery. Of them, 16% had early surgery. The early surgery group had a median age and TBSA of 11 years (3-35) and 12.0% (5-22) compared to 7 years (2-32) and 6.0% (3-13) in the late surgery group (p=0.45, p&lt;0.001). In logistic regression, female sex [aOR: 3.30 (95% CI: 1.47-7.41)], TBSA% [aOR: 1.09 (95% CI: 1.05-1.12)], and FTB [aOR: 3.21 (95% CI: 1.43-7.18)] were associated with in-hospital mortality, whereas having early surgery was not [aOR: 1.74 (95% CI: 0.76-3.98)]. Conclusion: This study found that early surgery was not associated with in-hospital mortality. Independent predictors of in-hospital mortality were female sex, presence of full thickness burn, and larger burn size. Future studies should investigate if burn care capacity in LRS may influence the association between early excision and outcome. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

  • 20.
    Almeland, Stian Kreken
    et al.
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway; Univ Bergen, Norway; Norwegian Directorate Hlth, Norway.
    Depoortere, Evelyn
    European Commiss, Belgium.
    Jennes, Serge
    Grand Hop Charleroi, Belgium.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Basanta, J. Alfonso Lozano
    European Commiss, Belgium.
    Zanatta, Sofia
    European Commiss, Belgium.
    Alexandru, Calin
    Minist Internal Affairs, Romania.
    Ramon Martinez-Mendez, Jose
    Hosp Univ La Paz, Spain.
    van der Vlies, Cornelis H.
    Maasstad Hosp, Netherlands; Erasmus MC, Netherlands.
    Hughes, Amy
    Int Network Training Educ & Res Burns, Wales; Barts Hlth NHS Trust, England; Essex & Herts Air Ambulance Charitable Trust, England.
    Barret, Juan P.
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Spain.
    Moiemen, Naiem
    Univ Hosp Birmingham Fdn Trust, England; Univ Birmingham, England.
    Leclerc, Thomas
    Percy Mil Teaching Hosp, France.
    Burn mass casualty incidents in Europe: A European response plan within the European Union Civil Protection Mechanism2022Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 48, nr 8, s. 1794-1804Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Burn care is centralized in highly specialized burn centers in Europe. These centers are of limited capacity and may be overwhelmed by a sudden surge in case of a burn mass casualty incident. Prior incidents in Europe and abroad have sustained high standards of care through well-orchestrated responses to share the burden of care in several burn centers. A burn mass casualty incident in Romania in 2015 sparked an initiative to strengthen the existing EU mechanisms. This paper aims to provide insight into developing a response plan for burn mass casualties within the EU Civil Protection Mechanism. Methods: The European Burns Association drafted medical guidelines for burn mass casualty incidents based on a literature review and an in-depth analysis of the Romanian incident. An online questionnaire surveyed European burn centers and EU States for burn mass casualty preparedness. Results: The Romanian burn mass casualty in 2015 highlighted the lack of a burn-specific mechanism, leading to the late onset of international transfers. In Europe, 71% of respondents had existing mass casualty response plans, though only 35% reported having a burn-specific plan. A burns response plan for burn mass casualties was developed and adopted as a Commission staff working document in preparation for further implementation. The plan builds on the existing Union Civil Protection Mechanism framework and the standards of the WHO Emergency Medical Teams initiative to provide 1) burn assessment teams for specialized in-hospital triage of patients, 2) specialized burn care across European burn centers, and 3) medevac capacities from participating states. Conclusion: The European burn mass casualty response plan could enable the delivery of high-level burn care in the face of an overwhelming incident in an affected European country. Further steps for integration and implementation of the plan within the Union Civil Protection Mechanism framework are needed.

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  • 21.
    Almroth, Gabriel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Njurmedicinska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Recidivating thrombocytopenia, renal failure and thymitis2017Ingår i: Recidivating thrombocytopenia, renal failure and thymitis, 2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Almroth, Gabriel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Njurmedicinska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Recurrent thrombocytopenia, renal failure and thymitis of unknown cause. A case report2017Ingår i: Vaskulär medicin, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 24-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A 45-year old man was admitted to an intensive care unit with flank pain and thrombocytopenia. He was treated for a suspected septicaemia but turned out to have signs of an unknown collagenosis which responded to plasma exchange, thymectomi and corticosteroids. Kidney biopsy revealed an intense tubulointerstitial reaction with suspected microthrombotic lesions in the vessels. The condition reoccurred with thrombocytopenia a couple of months later but responded to plasma exchange, corticosteroids and mycophenolate mofetil. An unknown collagenosis with findings of autoimmune thymitis and tubulointerstitial nephritis is the most probable cause of the condition.

  • 23.
    Anker, I.
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Zimmerman, M.
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Nyman, Erika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Dahlin, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Lund Univ, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Ulnar nerve dislocation in ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow. Influence on surgical outcome: Luxation du nerf ulnaire lors du syndrome canalaire au coude. Influence sur le résultat chirurgical2022Ingår i: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation, ISSN 2468-1229, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 96-102Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim was to assess the incidence of symptomatic ulnar nerve dislocation and its influence on surgical outcome after primary and revision surgeries in ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow (ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) or cubital tunnel syndrome). The influence of pre-or intra-operative ulnar nerve dislocation on postoperative outcome was assessed in 548 surgically treated cases (548 nerves) from two hand surgery departments reporting to the Swedish National Quality Registry for Hand Surgery, using QuickDASH, a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM), before surgery and at 3 and 12 months postoperatively, and a doctor-reported outcome measure (DROM), grading as "cured-improved "or "unchanged-worsened, at a median follow-up of 3.0 months [IQR, 1.5-6.0]. 109 of the 548 cases (20%) showed documented pre-or intra-operative ulnar nerve dislocation; more often found at revision (35/ 75, 47%) than at primary surgery (74/473, 16%) (p &lt; 0.0001). Cases with dislocation presented higher QuickDASH scores at 12 months (p = 0.026). A linear regression model, adjusted for age and gender, predicted higher QuickDASH scores at 12 months postoperatively for cases with dislocation (unstandardized B 11.3 [95% CI 0.4-22.2], p = 0.043). DROM grading as unchanged-worsened at a median 3 months predicted worse QuickDASH scores (p &lt; 0.0001) than in cured-improved cases at 3 (unstandardized B, 18.4 [95% CI 9.4-27.3]) and 12 months (unstandardized B, 18.1 [9.1-27.0]). Primary surgeries had better DROM grading than revision surgeries (p = 0.033; cured-improved, 75% and 63%, respectively), but QuickDASH scores did not differ. Presence of a clinically relevant ulnar nerve dislocation resulted in worse outcome, perhaps due to more extensive surgery with transposition. Nerve dislocation needs attention when treating UNE patients. (C) 2021 SFCM. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

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  • 24.
    Anker, Ilka
    et al.
    Department of Translational Medicine – Hand Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; Department of Hand Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Nyman, Erika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Zimmerman, Malin
    Department of Translational Medicine – Hand Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; Department of Hand Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ann-Marie
    5 National Diabetes Register, Centre of Registers, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gert S.
    Department of Neurophysiology, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Department of Translational Medicine – Hand Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; Department of Hand Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Preoperative Electrophysiology in Patients With Ulnar Nerve Entrapment at the Elbow-Prediction of Surgical Outcome and Influence of Age, Sex and Diabetes.2022Ingår i: Frontiers in clinical diabetes and healthcare, ISSN 2673-6616, Vol. 3, artikel-id 756022Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of preoperative electrophysiology on outcome of surgical treatment in ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow (UNE) is not clarified. Our aim was to evaluate influence of preoperative electrophysiologic grading on outcome and analyse how age, sex, and in particular diabetes affect such grading. Electrophysiologic protocols for 406 UNE cases, surgically treated at two hand surgery units reporting to the Swedish National Quality Register for Hand Surgery (HAKIR; 2010-2016), were retrospectively assessed, and graded as normal, reduced conduction velocity, conduction block or axonal degeneration. Outcome of surgery after primary and revision surgery was evaluated using QuickDASH and a doctor reported outcome measure (DROM) grading. No differences in QuickDASH or DROM were found between the four groups with different electrophysiologic grading preoperatively, or at three and 12 months or at follow up, respectively. When dichotomizing the electrophysiologic grading into normal and pathologic electrophysiology, cases with normal electrophysiology had worse QuickDASH than cases with pathologic electrophysiology preoperatively (p=0.046). Presence of a conduction block or axonal degeneration indicated a worse outcome by DROM grading (p=0.011). Primary surgeries had electrophysiologic more pronounced nerve pathology compared to revision surgeries (p=0.017). Cases of older age, men, and those with diabetes had more severe electrophysiologic nerve affection (p<0.0001). In the linear regression analysis, increasing age (unstandardized B=0.03, 95% CI 0.02-0.04; p<0.0001) and presence of diabetes (unstandardized B=0.60, 95% CI 0.25-0.95; p=0.001) were associated with a higher risk of a worse electrophysiologic classification. Female sex was associated with a better electrophysiologic grading (unstandardized B=-0.51, 95% CI -0.75- -0.27; p<0.0001). We conclude that older age, male sex, and concomitant diabetes are associated with more severe preoperative electrophysiologic nerve affection. Preoperative electrophysiologic grade of ulnar nerve affection may influence surgical outcome.

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  • 25.
    Axelsson, Peter
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Farnebo, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Bjorkman, Anders
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hand surgery training in Sweden - bridging the gap between specialities2022Ingår i: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume, ISSN 1753-1934, E-ISSN 2043-6289, Vol. 47, nr 6, s. 669-671Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 26.
    Barreto Cazumba, Maria Luiza
    et al.
    Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Brazil.
    Buda, Alexandra M.
    Harvard Med Sch, MA, USA.
    Bittencourt, Marcela M.
    Univ Jose Rosario Vellano, Brazil.
    Moura, Carolina
    Fac Saude & Ecol Humana, Brazil.
    Braga, Paula
    Fac Saude & Ecol Humana, Brazil.
    Bowder, Alexis N.
    Harvard Med Sch, MA, USA.
    Corlew, Daniel Scott
    Harvard Med Sch, MA, USA.
    Botelho, Fabio
    McGill Univ, Canada.
    Magalhaes, Lucas
    Joao XXIII Hosp, Brazil.
    Pompermaier, Laura
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Harvard Med Sch, MA, USA.
    The Use of Alcohol as a Disinfectant During the Pandemic and Flame Burns: A Brazilian Study2022Ingår i: Journal of Burn Care & Research, ISSN 1559-047X, E-ISSN 1559-0488, Vol. 43, nr 3, s. 753-754Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Bebbington, Emily
    et al.
    Bangor Univ, Wales.
    Miles, Joanna
    Norfolk & Norwich Univ Hosp, England.
    Young, Amber
    Bristol Ctr Surg Res, England.
    van Baar, Margriet E.
    Maasstad Hosp, Netherlands.
    Bernal, Nicole
    Ohio State Univ, OH 43210 USA; Amer Burn Assoc, IL USA.
    Brekke, Ragnvald Ljones
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway.
    van Dammen, Lotte
    Dutch Burns Fdn, Netherlands.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Inoue, Yoshiaki
    Lambdax Bldg, Japan.
    McMullen, Kara A.
    Univ Washington, WA USA.
    Paton, Lia
    NHS Natl Serv Scotland, Scotland.
    Thamm, Oliver C.
    German Soc Burn Treatment DGV, Germany; Univ Witten Herdecke, Germany.
    Tracy, Lincoln M.
    Monash Univ, Australia.
    Zia, Nukhba
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, MD 21205 USA.
    Singer, Yvonne
    Griffith Univ, Australia.
    Dunn, Ken
    Burn Care Informat Grp NHS, England.
    Exploring the similarities and differences of burn registers globally: Results from a data dictionary comparison study2024Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 50, nr 4, s. 850-865Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Pooling and comparing data from the existing global network of burn registers represents a powerful, yet untapped, opportunity to improve burn prevention and care. There have been no studies investigating whether registers are sufficiently similar to allow data comparisons. It is also not known what differences exist that could bias analyses. Understanding this information is essential prior to any future data sharing. The aim of this project was to compare the variables collected in countrywide and intercountry burn registers to understand their similarities and differences. Methods: Register custodians were invited to participate and share their data dictionaries. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were compared to understand each register population. Descriptive statistics were calculated for the number of unique variables. Variables were classified into themes. Definition, method, timing of measurement, and response options were compared for a sample of register concepts. Results: 13 burn registries participated in the study. Inclusion criteria varied between registers. Median number of variables per register was 94 (range 28 - 890), of which 24% (range 4.8 - 100%) were required to be collected. Six themes (patient information, admission details, injury, inpatient, outpatient, other) and 41 subthemes were identified. Register concepts of age and timing of injury show similarities in data collection. Intent, mechanism, inhalational injury, infection, and patient death show greater variation in measurement. Conclusions: We found some commonalities between registers and some differences. Commonalities would assist in any future efforts to pool and compare data between registers. Differences between registers could introduce selection and measurement bias, which needs to be addressed in any strategy aiming to facilitate burn register data sharing. We recommend the development of common data elements used in an international minimum data set for burn injuries, including standard definitions and methods of measurement, as the next step in achieving burn register data sharing. (c) 2024 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

  • 28.
    Beka, Ervin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken US.
    Hanna, Hanan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken US.
    Olofsson, Pia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Gimm, Oliver
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken US.
    Hemithyroidectomy, does the indication influence the outcome?2024Ingår i: Langenbeck's archives of surgery (Print), ISSN 1435-2443, E-ISSN 1435-2451, Vol. 409, nr 1, artikel-id 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeHemithyroidectomies are mainly performed for two indications, either therapeutically to relieve compression symptoms or diagnostically for suspicious nodule(s). In case of the latter, one could consider the approach to be rather extensive since the majority of patients have no symptoms and will have benign disease. The aim of this study is to investigate the complication rates of diagnostic hemithyroidectomy and to compare it with the complication rates of compressive symptoms hemithyroidectomy.MethodsData from patients who had undergone hemithyroidectomy either for compression symptoms or for excluding malignancy were extracted from a well-established Scandinavian quality register (SQRTPA). The following complications were analyzed: bleedings, wound infections, and paresis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN). Risk factors for these complications were examined by univariable and multivariable logistic regression.ResultsA total of 9677 patients were included, 3871 (40%) underwent surgery to exclude malignancy and 5806 (60%) due to compression symptoms. In the multivariable analysis, the totally excised thyroid weight was an independent risk factor for bleeding. Permanent (6-12 months after the operation) RLN paresis were less common in the excluding malignancy group (p = 0.03).ConclusionA range of factors interfere and contribute to bleeding, wound infections, and RLN paresis after hemithyroidectomy. In this observational study based on a Scandinavian quality register, the indication "excluding malignancy" for hemithyroidectomy is associated with less permanent RLN paresis than the indication "compression symptoms." Thus, patients undergoing diagnostic hemithyroidectomy can be reassured that this procedure is a safe surgical procedure and does not entail an unjustified risk.

  • 29. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Bergkvist, Max
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Studies on Polarised Light Spectroscopy2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project focuses on measurements of dermal microcirculation during vascular provocations with polarised light spectroscopy. This is done with a non-invasive method commercially available as Tissue viability imaging (TiVi) which measures concentration and oxygenation of red blood cells in the papillary dermis. Three studies were done with human subjects and one with an animal model, to validate and compare the TiVi technique with laser Doppler flowmetry, which is an established method of measuring dermal microcirculation.

    The TiVi consists of a digital camera with polarisation filters in front of the flash and lens, with software for analysis of the picture. When taking a picture with the TiVi, the polarised light that is reflected on the skin surface is absorbed by the second filter over the lens (which is perpendicular to the first filter) but a portion of light penetrates the surface of the skin and is scattered when it is reflected on tissue components. This makes the light depolarised, passes the second filter, and produces a picture for analysis. The red blood cell (RBC) has a distinct absorption pattern that differs between red and green colour compared to melanin and other components of tissue. This difference is used by the software that calculates differences in each picture element and produces a measure of output which is proportional to the concentration of red blood cells. The oxygenation of RBC can also be calculated, as there is a difference in absorption depending on oxygen state.

    The first paper takes up possible sources of error such as ambient light, and the angle and distance of the camera. The main experiment was to investigate how the local heating reaction is detected with TiVi compared to LDF.

    In the second paper arterial and venous stasis are examined in healthy subjects with TiVi.

    The Third paper is an animal study where skin flaps were raised on pigs, and the vascular pedicle is isolated to enable control of inflow and outflow of blood.The measurements were made during partial venous, total venous, and total arterial occlusion. The TiVi recorded changes in the concentration of RBC, oxygenation and heterogeneity and the results were compared with those of laser Doppler flowmetry.

    In the fourth paper oxygenation and deoxygenation of RBC: s was studied. Studies were made on the forearms of healthy subjects who were exposed to arterial and venous occlusion. Simultaneous measurements were made with TiVi and Enhanced perfusion and oxygen saturation or EPOS, which is a new device that combines laser Doppler flowmetry and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy in one probe.

    With TiVi, one can measure RBC concentration and oxygenation in the area of an entire picture or in one or multiple user defined regions of interest (ROI). Methods such as laser Doppler flowmetry makes single point measurements, which is a potential source of error both because of the heterogeneity of the microcirculation, and that the circulation be insufficient in the margins of the investigated area. TiVi has been able to measure venous stasis more accurately than laser Doppler flowmetry, and venous stasis is the more common reason for flaps to fail.

    The TiVi is an accurate way to measure the concentration of RBC and trends in oxygenation of the dermal microcirculation. It has interesting possible applications for microvascular and dermatological research, monitoring of flaps, and diagnosis of peripheral vascular disease. Future clinical studies are needed as well as development of the user interface.  

    Delarbeten
    1. Polarized Light Spectroscopy for Measurement of the Microvascular Response to Local Heating at Multiple Skin Sites
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Polarized Light Spectroscopy for Measurement of the Microvascular Response to Local Heating at Multiple Skin Sites
    2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Microcirculation, ISSN 1073-9688, E-ISSN 1549-8719, Vol. 19, nr 8, s. 705-713Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To evaluate whether TiVi, a technique based on polarized light, could measure the change in RBC concentration during local heating in healthy volunteers. Methods: Using a custom-made transparent heater, forearm skin was heated to 42 degrees C for 40 minutes while the change in RBC concentration was measured with TiVi. The perfusion response during local heating was measured at the same time with Laser Doppler flowmetry. Results: Mean RBC concentration increased (91 +/- 34 vs. 51 +/- 34 A.U. at baseline, p less than 0.001). The spatial heterogeneity of the RBC concentration in the measured skin areas was 26 +/- 6.4% at baseline, and 23 +/- 4.6% after 40 minutes of heating. The mean RBC concentrations in two skin sites were highly correlated (0.98 at baseline and 0.96 after 40 minutes of heating). The change in RBC concentration was less than the change in perfusion, measured with LDF. Unlike with LDF, a neurally mediated peak was not observed with TiVi in most of the test subjects. Conclusions: TiVi is a valuable technique for measuring the microvascular response to local heating in the skin, and offers a high reproducibility for simultaneous measurements at different skin sites, provided carefully controlled experiments are ensured.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Informa Healthcare / John Wiley and Sons, 2012
    Nyckelord
    tissue viability imaging; polarization light spectroscopy; local heating; red blood cell concentration; reproducibility
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medicin och hälsovetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-87225 (URN)10.1111/j.1549-8719.2012.00203.x (DOI)000311373400004 ()
    Tillgänglig från: 2013-01-14 Skapad: 2013-01-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-10
    2. Assessment of microcirculation of the skin using Tissue Viability Imaging: A promising technique for detecting venous stasis in the skin
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Assessment of microcirculation of the skin using Tissue Viability Imaging: A promising technique for detecting venous stasis in the skin
    Visa övriga...
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Microvascular Research, ISSN 0026-2862, E-ISSN 1095-9319, Vol. 101, s. 20-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: : Venous occlusion in the skin is difficult to detect by existing measurement techniques. Our aim was to find out whether Tissue Viability Imaging (TiVi) was better at detecting venous occlusion by comparing it with results of laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) during graded arterial and venous stasis in human forearm skin. Methods: : Arterial and venous occlusions were simulated in 10 healthy volunteers by inflating a blood pressure cuff around the upper right arm. Changes in the concentration of red blood cells (RBC) were measured using TiVi, while skin perfusion and concentration of moving red blood cells (CMBC) were measured using static indices of LDF during exsanguination and subsequent arterial occlusion, postocclusive reactive hyperaemia, and graded increasing and decreasing venous stasis. Results: : During arterial occlusion there was a significant reduction in the mean concentration of RBC from baseline, as well as in perfusion and CMBC (p less than 0.008). Venous occlusion resulted in a significant 28% increase in the concentration of RBC (p = 0.002), but no significant change in perfusion (mean change -14%) while CMBC decreased significantly by 24% (p = 0.02). With stepwise increasing occlusion pressures there was a significant rise in the TiVi index and reduction in perfusion (p = 0.008), while the reverse was seen when venous flow was gradually restored. Conclusion: : The concentration of RBC measured with TiVi changes rapidly and consistently during both total and partial arterial and venous occlusions, while the changes in perfusion, measured by LDF, were less consistent This suggests that TiVi could be a more useful, non-invasive clinical monitoring tool for detecting venous stasis in the skin than LDF.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Elsevier, 2015
    Nyckelord
    Tissue viability imaging; Laser Doppler flowmetry; Post-occusive hyperaemia; Venous occlusion; Arterial occlusion
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Klinisk medicin
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121302 (URN)10.1016/j.mvr.2015.06.002 (DOI)000360028500004 ()26092681 (PubMedID)
    Anmärkning

    Funding Agencies|County Council of Ostergotland, Sweden [2014JZ0004]

    Tillgänglig från: 2015-09-16 Skapad: 2015-09-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Vascular Occlusion in a Porcine Flap Model: Effects on Blood Cell Concentration and Oxygenation.
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Vascular Occlusion in a Porcine Flap Model: Effects on Blood Cell Concentration and Oxygenation.
    Visa övriga...
    2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open, E-ISSN 2169-7574, Vol. 5, nr 11, artikel-id e1531Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Venous congestion in skin flaps is difficult to detect. This study evaluated the ability of tissue viability imaging (TiVi) to measure changes in the concentration of red blood cells (CRBC), oxygenation, and heterogeneity during vascular provocations in a porcine fasciocutaneous flap model.

    Methods: In 5 pigs, cranial gluteal artery perforator flaps were raised (8 flaps in 5 pigs). The arterial and venous blood flow was monitored with ultrasonic flow probes. CRBC, tissue oxygenation, and heterogeneity in the skin were monitored with TiVi during baseline, 50% and 100% venous occlusion, recovery, 100% arterial occlusion and final recovery, thereby simulating venous and arterial occlusion of a free fasciocutaneous flap. A laser Doppler probe was used as a reference for microvascular perfusion in the flap.

    Results: During partial and complete venous occlusion, increases in CRBC were seen in different regions of the flap. They were more pronounced in the distal part. During complete arterial occlusion, CRBC decreased in all but the most distal parts of the flap. There were also increases in tissue oxygenation and heterogeneity during venous occlusion.

    Conclusions: TiVi measures regional changes in CRBC in the skin of the flap during arterial and venous occlusion, as well as an increase in oxygenated hemoglobin during venous occlusion that may be the result of reduced metabolism and impaired delivery of oxygen to the tissue. TiVi may provide a promising method for measuring flap viability because it is hand-held, easy to-use, and provides spatial information on venous congestion.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Wolters Kluwer, 2017
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Radiologi och bildbehandling Kirurgi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145391 (URN)10.1097/GOX.0000000000001531 (DOI)29263951 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85038559789 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-02-27 Skapad: 2018-02-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-17Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Studies on Polarised Light Spectroscopy
    Ladda ner (png)
    presentationsbild
  • 30.
    Bergkvist, Max
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Henricson, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för läkemedelsforskning. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Akutkliniken i Linköping.
    Bergstrand, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Strömberg, Tomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Avdelningen för medicinsk teknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Droog Tesselaar, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik.
    Farnebo, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Assessment of oxygenation with polarized light spectroscopy enables new means for detecting vascular events in the skin2020Ingår i: Microvascular Research, ISSN 0026-2862, E-ISSN 1095-9319, Vol. 130, artikel-id 104000Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Impaired oxygenation in the skin may occur in disease states and after reconstructive surgery. We used tissue viability imaging (TiVi) to measure changes in oxygenation and deoxygenation of haemoglobin in an in vitro model and in the dermal microcirculation of healthy individuals. Materials and methods: Oxygenation was measured in human whole blood with different levels of oxygenation. In healthy subjects, changes in red blood cell concentration (C-RBC,(TiVi)), oxygenation (Delta C-OH,(TiVi)) and deoxygenation (Delta C-DOH,(TiVi)) of haemoglobin were measured during and after arterial and venous occlusion using TiVi and were compared with measurements from the enhanced perfusion and oxygen saturation system (EPOS). Results: During arterial occlusion, C-RBC,(TiVi) remained unchanged while Delta C-OH,(TiVi) decreased to -44.2 (10.4) AU (p = 0.04), as compared to baseline. After release, C-RBC,C-TiVi increased to 39.2 (18.8) AU (p &lt; 0.001), Delta C-OH,C-TiVi increased to 38.5. During venous occlusion, C-RBC,C-TiVi increased to 28.9 (11.2) AU (p &lt; 0.001), Delta C-OH,C-TiVi decreased to -52.2 (46.1) AU (p &lt; 0.001) compared to baseline after 5 min of venous occlusion. There was a significant correlation between the TiVi Oxygen Mapper and EPOS, for arterial (r = 0.92, p &lt; 0.001) and venous occlusion (r = 0.87, p &lt; 0.001), respectively. Conclusion: This study shows that TiVi can measure trends in oxygenation and deoxygenation of haemoglobin during arterial and venous stasis in healthy individuals.

  • 31.
    Bergkvist, Max
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Henricson, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Iredahl, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Tesselaar, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Radiofysikavdelningen US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Farnebo, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Assessment of microcirculation of the skin using Tissue Viability Imaging: A promising technique for detecting venous stasis in the skin2015Ingår i: Microvascular Research, ISSN 0026-2862, E-ISSN 1095-9319, Vol. 101, s. 20-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: : Venous occlusion in the skin is difficult to detect by existing measurement techniques. Our aim was to find out whether Tissue Viability Imaging (TiVi) was better at detecting venous occlusion by comparing it with results of laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) during graded arterial and venous stasis in human forearm skin. Methods: : Arterial and venous occlusions were simulated in 10 healthy volunteers by inflating a blood pressure cuff around the upper right arm. Changes in the concentration of red blood cells (RBC) were measured using TiVi, while skin perfusion and concentration of moving red blood cells (CMBC) were measured using static indices of LDF during exsanguination and subsequent arterial occlusion, postocclusive reactive hyperaemia, and graded increasing and decreasing venous stasis. Results: : During arterial occlusion there was a significant reduction in the mean concentration of RBC from baseline, as well as in perfusion and CMBC (p less than 0.008). Venous occlusion resulted in a significant 28% increase in the concentration of RBC (p = 0.002), but no significant change in perfusion (mean change -14%) while CMBC decreased significantly by 24% (p = 0.02). With stepwise increasing occlusion pressures there was a significant rise in the TiVi index and reduction in perfusion (p = 0.008), while the reverse was seen when venous flow was gradually restored. Conclusion: : The concentration of RBC measured with TiVi changes rapidly and consistently during both total and partial arterial and venous occlusions, while the changes in perfusion, measured by LDF, were less consistent This suggests that TiVi could be a more useful, non-invasive clinical monitoring tool for detecting venous stasis in the skin than LDF.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Bergkvist, Max
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Zötterman, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Henricson, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Iredahl, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Tesselaar, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Radiofysikavdelningen US.
    Farnebo, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Vascular Occlusion in a Porcine Flap Model: Effects on Blood Cell Concentration and Oxygenation.2017Ingår i: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open, E-ISSN 2169-7574, Vol. 5, nr 11, artikel-id e1531Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Venous congestion in skin flaps is difficult to detect. This study evaluated the ability of tissue viability imaging (TiVi) to measure changes in the concentration of red blood cells (CRBC), oxygenation, and heterogeneity during vascular provocations in a porcine fasciocutaneous flap model.

    Methods: In 5 pigs, cranial gluteal artery perforator flaps were raised (8 flaps in 5 pigs). The arterial and venous blood flow was monitored with ultrasonic flow probes. CRBC, tissue oxygenation, and heterogeneity in the skin were monitored with TiVi during baseline, 50% and 100% venous occlusion, recovery, 100% arterial occlusion and final recovery, thereby simulating venous and arterial occlusion of a free fasciocutaneous flap. A laser Doppler probe was used as a reference for microvascular perfusion in the flap.

    Results: During partial and complete venous occlusion, increases in CRBC were seen in different regions of the flap. They were more pronounced in the distal part. During complete arterial occlusion, CRBC decreased in all but the most distal parts of the flap. There were also increases in tissue oxygenation and heterogeneity during venous occlusion.

    Conclusions: TiVi measures regional changes in CRBC in the skin of the flap during arterial and venous occlusion, as well as an increase in oxygenated hemoglobin during venous occlusion that may be the result of reduced metabolism and impaired delivery of oxygen to the tissue. TiVi may provide a promising method for measuring flap viability because it is hand-held, easy to-use, and provides spatial information on venous congestion.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Booij, Ronald
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Department of Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, Erasmus MC, The Netherlands.
    Sandstedt, Mårten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Röntgenkliniken i Linköping.
    Droog Tesselaar, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik.
    Farnebo, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Photon-counting detector computed tomography (PCD-CT) – an emerging technology in hand and wrist imaging2023Ingår i: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume, ISSN 1753-1934, E-ISSN 2043-6289, Vol. 48, nr 5, s. 489-494Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Brown, Daniel J.
    et al.
    Univ Hosp NHS Fdn Trust, England; Univ Liverpool, England.
    Redfern, James A. I.
    Univ Hosp NHS Fdn Trust, England; Univ Liverpool, England.
    Silver, Natan
    Univ Hosp NHS Fdn Trust, England.
    Estfan, Rami
    Southend Univ Hosp Mid & South Essex NHS Trust, England.
    Farnebo, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Mcguire, Duncan
    Groote Schuur Hosp, South Africa.
    Solomons, Michael
    Groote Schuur Hosp, South Africa.
    Thorvaldson, K. Thomas
    Univ Newcastle, Australia.
    Learning curves in Motec total wrist arthroplasty: an international cohort study2023Ingår i: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume, ISSN 1753-1934, E-ISSN 2043-6289Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We examined the learning curve of Motec total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) of six experienced surgeons in their first 30 cases. Three times more complications/revisions were encountered in the first half of the study compared with the second half. Motec TWA surgery should be concentrated in a smaller number of centres performing higher volumes.

  • 35.
    Bäckström, Denise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN.
    Larsen, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Gedeborg, Rolf
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Deaths caused by injury among people of working age (18-64) are decreasing, while those among older people (64+) are increasing2018Ingår i: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, ISSN 1863-9933, E-ISSN 1863-9941, Vol. 44, nr 4, s. 589-596Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Injury is an important cause of death in all age groups worldwide, and contributes to many losses of human and economic resources. Currently, we know a few data about mortality from injury, particularly among the working population. The aim of the present study was to examine death from injury over a period of 14 years (1999-2012) using the Swedish Cause of Death Registry (CDR) and the National Patient Registry, which have complete national coverage.

    METHOD: CDR was used to identify injury-related deaths among adults (18 years or over) during the years 1999-2012. ICD-10 diagnoses from V01 to X39 were included. The significance of changes over time was analyzed by linear regression.

    RESULTS: The incidence of prehospital death decreased significantly (coefficient -0.22, r (2) = 0.30; p = 0.041) during the study period, while that of deaths in hospital increased significantly (coefficient 0.20, r (2) = 0.75; p < 0.001). Mortality/100,000 person-years in the working age group (18-64 years) decreased significantly (coefficient -0.40, r (2) = 0.37; p = 0.020), mainly as a result of decrease in traffic-related deaths (coefficient -0.34, r (2) = 0.85; p < 0.001). The incidence of deaths from injury among elderly (65 years and older) patients increased because of the increase in falls (coefficient 1.71, r (2) = 0.84; p < 0.001) and poisoning (coefficient 0.13, r (2) = 0.69; p < 0.001).

    CONCLUSION: The epidemiology of injury in Sweden has changed during recent years in that mortality from injury has declined in the working age group and increased among those people 64 years old and over.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 36.
    Bäckström, Denise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Change in child mortality patterns after injuries in Sweden: a nationwide 14-year study.2017Ingår i: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, ISSN 1863-9933, E-ISSN 1863-9941, Vol. 43, nr 3, s. 343-349Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Sweden has one of the world's lowest child injury mortality rates, but injuries are still the leading cause of death among children. Child injury mortality in the country has been declining, but this decline seems to decrease recently. Our objective was therefore to further examine changes in the mortality of children's death from injury over time and to assess the contribution of various effects on mortality. The underlying hypothesis for this investigation is that the incidence of lethal injuries in children, still is decreasing and that this may be sex specific.

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied all deaths from injury in Sweden under-18-year-olds during the 14 years 1999-2012. We identified those aged under 18 whose underlying cause of death was recorded as International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) diagnosis from V01 to X39 in the Swedish cause of death, where all dead citizens are registered.

    RESULTS: From the 1 January 1999 to 31 December 2012, 1213 children under the age of 18 died of injuries in Sweden. The incidence declined during this period (r = -0.606, p = 0.02) to 3.3 deaths/100,000 children-years (95 % CI 2.6-4.2). Death from unintentional injury was more common than that after intentional injury (p < 0.0001). There was a reduction in the incidence of unintentional injuries during the study period (r = -0.757, p = 0.03). The most common causes of death were injury to the brain (n = 337, 41 %), followed by drowning (n = 109, 13 %). The number of deaths after intentional injury increased (r = 0.585, p = 0.03) and at the end of the period was 1.5 deaths/100,000 children-years. The most common causes of death after intentional injuries were asphyxia (n = 177, 45 %), followed by injury to the brain (n = 76, 19 %).

    DISCUSSION: Mortality patterns in injured children in Sweden have changed from being dominated by unintentional injuries to a more equal distribution between unintentional and intentional injuries as well as between sexes and the overall rate has declined further. These findings are important as they might contribute to the preventive work that is being done to further reduce mortality in injured children.

  • 37.
    Cieślar-Pobuda, Artur
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Institute of Automatic Control, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland.
    Vilas Jain, Mayur
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Kratz, Gunnar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Rzeszowska-Wolny, Joanna
    Institute of Automatic Control, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland.
    Ghavami, Saeid
    Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Science, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada.
    Wiechec, Emilia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    The expression pattern of PFKFB3 enzyme distinguishes between induced-pluripotent stem cells and cancer stem cells.2015Ingår i: Oncotarget, E-ISSN 1949-2553, Vol. 6, nr 30, s. 29753--29770Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) have become crucial in medicine and biology. Several studies indicate their phenotypic similarities with cancer stem cells (CSCs) and a propensity to form tumors. Thus it is desirable to identify a trait which differentiates iPS populations and CSCs. Searching for such a feature, in this work we compare the restriction (R) point-governed regulation of cell cycle progression in different cell types (iPS, cancer, CSC and normal cells) based on the expression profile of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase3 (PFKFB3) and phosphofructokinase (PFK1). Our study reveals that PFKFB3 and PFK1 expression allows discrimination between iPS and CSCs. Moreover, cancer and iPS cells, when cultured under hypoxic conditions, alter their expression level of PFKFB3 and PFK1 to resemble those in CSCs. We also observed cell type-related differences in response to inhibition of PFKFB3. This possibility to distinguish CSC from iPS cells or non-stem cancer cells by PFKB3 and PFK1 expression improves the outlook for clinical application of stem cell-based therapies and for more precise detection of CSCs.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Cirillo, Marco Domenico
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Avdelningen för medicinsk teknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Mirdell, Robin
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Pham, Tuan
    Center for Artificial Intelligence, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Khobar, Saudi Arabia.
    Improving burn depth assessment for pediatric scalds by AI based on semantic segmentation of polarized light photography images2021Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 47, nr 7, s. 1586-1593Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper illustrates the efficacy of an artificial intelligence (AI) (a convolutional neural network, based on the U-Net), for the burn-depth assessment using semantic segmentation of polarized high-performance light camera images of burn wounds. The proposed method is evaluated for paediatric scald injuries to differentiate four burn wound depths: superficial partial-thickness (healing in 0–7 days), superficial to intermediate partial-thickness (healing in 8–13 days), intermediate to deep partial-thickness (healing in 14–20 days), deep partial-thickness (healing after 21 days) and full-thickness burns, based on observed healing time.

    In total 100 burn images were acquired. Seventeen images contained all 4 burn depths and were used to train the network. Leave-one-out cross-validation reports were generated and an accuracy and dice coefficient average of almost 97% was then obtained. After that, the remaining 83 burn-wound images were evaluated using the different network during the cross-validation, achieving an accuracy and dice coefficient, both on average 92%.

    This technique offers an interesting new automated alternative for clinical decision support to assess and localize burn-depths in 2D digital images. Further training and improvement of the underlying algorithm by e.g., more images, seems feasible and thus promising for the future.

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  • 39.
    Cirillo, Marco Domenico
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Avdelningen för medicinsk teknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Mirdell, Robin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Pham, Tuan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Avdelningen för medicinsk teknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Tensor Decomposition for Colour Image Segmentation of Burn Wounds2019Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, artikel-id 3291Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in burns has been a continuing demand over the past few decades, and important advancements are still needed to facilitate more effective patient stabilization and reduce mortality rate. Burn wound assessment, which is an important task for surgical management, largely depends on the accuracy of burn area and burn depth estimates. Automated quantification of these burn parameters plays an essential role for reducing these estimate errors conventionally carried out by clinicians. The task for automated burn area calculation is known as image segmentation. In this paper, a new segmentation method for burn wound images is proposed. The proposed methods utilizes a method of tensor decomposition of colour images, based on which effective texture features can be extracted for classification. Experimental results showed that the proposed method outperforms other methods not only in terms of segmentation accuracy but also computational speed.

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  • 40.
    Cirillo, Marco Domenico
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Avdelningen för medicinsk teknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Mirdell, Robin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Pham, Tuan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Avdelningen för medicinsk teknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Time-Independent Prediction of Burn Depth using Deep Convolutional Neural Networks2019Ingår i: Journal of Burn Care & Research, ISSN 1559-047X, E-ISSN 1559-0488, Vol. 40, nr 6, s. 857-863Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present in this paper the application of deep convolutional neural networks, which are a state-of-the-art artificial intelligence (AI) approach in machine learning, for automated time-independent prediction of burn depth. Colour images of four types of burn depth injured in first few days, including normal skin and background, acquired by a TiVi camera were trained and tested with four pre-trained deep convolutional neural networks: VGG-16, GoogleNet, ResNet-50, and ResNet-101. In the end, the best 10-fold cross-validation results obtained from ResNet- 101 with an average, minimum, and maximum accuracy are 81.66%, 72.06% and 88.06%, respectively; and the average accuracy, sensitivity and specificity for the four different types of burn depth are 90.54%, 74.35% and 94.25%, respectively. The accuracy was compared to the clinical diagnosis obtained after the wound had healed. Hence, application of AI is very promising for prediction of burn depth and therefore can be a useful tool to help in guiding clinical decision and initial treatment of burn wounds.

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  • 41.
    Dahlin, Emma
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Lund Univ, Sweden; Varberg Hosp, Sweden.
    Gudinge, Hanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Lund Univ, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Nyman, Erika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Neuromas cause severe residual problems at long-term despite surgery2023Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 15693Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Pain, and disabilities after neuroma surgery, using patient reported outcome measurements (PROMs), were evaluated by QuickDASH and a specific Hand Questionnaire (HQ-8). The 69 responding individuals (response rate 61%; 59% women; 41% men; median follow up 51 months) reported high QuickDASH score, pain on load, cold sensitivity, ability to perform daily activities and sleeping difficulties. Individuals reporting impaired ability to perform daily activities and sleeping problems had higher scores for pain, stiffness, weakness, numbness/tingling, cold sensitivity and QuickDASH. Only 17% of individuals reported no limitations at all. No differences were observed between sexes. Surgical methods did not influence outcome. Symptoms and disabilities correlated moderately-strongly to each other and to ability to perform regular daily activities as well as to sleeping difficulties. Pain, cold sensitivity, sleeping difficulties and limitation to perform daily activities were associated to higher QuickDASH. A weak association was found between follow up time and QuickDASH score as well as pain on load, but not cold sensitivity. A major nerve injury was frequent among those with limitations during work/performing other regular daily activities. Despite surgical treatment, neuromas cause residual problems, which affect the capacity to perform daily activities and ability to sleep with limited improvement in long-term.

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  • 42.
    Dahlin, Emma
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Varberg Hosp, Sweden; Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Zimmerman, Malin
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Helsingborg Hosp, Sweden.
    Nyman, Erika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Patient reported symptoms and disabilities before and after neuroma surgery: a register-based study2023Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 17226Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Residual problems may occur from neuroma despite surgery. In a 12-month follow-up study using national register data, symptoms, and disabilities related to surgical methods and sex were evaluated in patients surgically treated for a neuroma. Among 196 identified patients (55% men; lower age; preoperative response rate 20%), neurolysis for nerve tethering/scar formation was the most used surgical method (41%; more frequent in women) irrespective of affected nerve. Similar preoperative symptoms were seen in patients, where different surgical methods were performed. Pain on load was the dominating symptom preoperatively. Women scored higher preoperatively at pain on motion without load, weakness and QuickDASH. Pain on load and numbness/tingling in fingers transiently improved. The ability to perform daily activities was better after nerve repair/reconstruction/transposition than after neurolysis. Regression analysis, adjusted for age, sex, and affected nerve, showed no association between surgical method and pain on load, tingling/numbness in fingers, or ability to perform daily activities. Neuroma, despite surgery, causes residual problems, affecting daily life. Choice of surgical method is not strongly related to pre- or postoperative symptoms. Neurolysis has similar outcome as other surgical methods. Women have more preoperative symptoms and disabilities than men. Future research would benefit from a neuroma-specific ICD-code, leading to a more precise identification of patients.

  • 43.
    Dahlin, Lars
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Lund Univ, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Perez, Raquel
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Nyman, Erika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Zimmerman, Malin
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Merlo, Juan
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Reg Skane, Sweden.
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Ulnar Nerve Entrapment Are Associated with Impaired Psychological Health in Adults as Appraised by Their Increased Use of Psychotropic Medication2022Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Medicine, E-ISSN 2077-0383, Vol. 11, nr 13, artikel-id 3871Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We aimed to study psychological health, as approximated by the use of psychotropic drugs, in a population diagnosed and surgically treated for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) or ulnar nerve entrapment (UNE), or both, also considering the demographic and socioeconomic factors of the individuals. Linking data from five large national registers, use of psychotropics (at least one dispensation during the first year after the surgery or the baseline date) was examined in around 5.8 million people 25-80 years old residing in Sweden 2010. Among these individuals, 9728 (0.17%), 890 (0.02%) and 149 (0.00%) were identified as diagnosed and surgically treated for CTS, UNE, or both, respectively. As much as 28%, 34% and 36% in each group, respectively, used psychotropic drugs, compared with 19% in the general population. Regression analyses showed a general higher risk for use of psychotropics related to these nerve compression disorders, to higher age, being a woman, and having low income or low occupational qualification level. Individuals born outside of Sweden had a lower risk. We conclude that surgically treated individuals with a nerve compression disorder have an increased risk of impaired psychological health. Caregivers should be aware of the risk and provide necessary attention.

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  • 44.
    Dahlin, Lars
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Lund Univ, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Perez, Raquel
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Nyman, Erika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Zimmerman, Malin
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden; Helsingborg Hosp, Sweden.
    Merlo, Juan
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Ctr Primary Hlth Res, Sweden.
    Overuse of the psychoactive analgesics opioids and gabapentinoid drugs in patients having surgery for nerve entrapment disorders2023Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 16248Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge about risks for overuse of psychoactive analgesics in patients having primary surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) or ulnar nerve entrapment (UNE), or both, is limited. We investigated if patients with those nerve entrapment disorders have a higher risk of overuse of psychoactive analgesics (i.e., opioids and gabapentinoid drugs) before, after, and both before and after surgery than observed in the general population after accounting for demographical and socioeconomic factors. Using a large record linkage database, we analysed 5,966,444 individuals (25-80 years), residing in Sweden December 31st, 2010-2014, of which 31,380 underwent surgery 2011-2013 for CTS, UNE, or both, applying logistic regression to estimate relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Overall, overuse of the psychoactive analgesics was low in the general population. Compared to those individuals, unadjusted RR (95% CI) of overuse ranged in patients between 2.77 (2.57-3.00) with CTS after surgery and 6.21 (4.27-9.02) with both UNE and CTS after surgery. These risks were only slightly reduced after adjustment for demographical and socioeconomic factors. Patients undergoing surgery for CTS, UNE, or both, have a high risk of overuse of psychoactive analgesics before, after, and both before and after surgery.

  • 45.
    Dahlin, Lars
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Lund Univ, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Zimmerman, Malin
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Nyman, Erika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Re: Stirling PHC, Harrison SJ, McEachan JE. The effect of diabetes mellitus on the outcome of surgery for cubital tunnel syndrome2023Ingår i: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume, ISSN 1753-1934, E-ISSN 2043-6289, Vol. 48, nr 10, s. 1094-1095Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 46.
    Dash, Suvashis
    et al.
    All India Inst Med Sci, India.
    Pompermaier, Laura
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Lavrentieva, Athina
    Papanikolaou Hosp, Greece.
    Rogers, Alan David
    Sunnybrook Hlth Sci Ctr, Canada.
    Depetris, Nadia
    CTO Hosp, Italy; Via Zuretti 29 CTO Citta Salute & Sci, Italy.
    Quality indicators in burn care: An international burn care professionals survey to define them2023Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 49, nr 6, s. 1260-1266Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Quality indicators (QIs) are tools for improving and maintaining the standard of care. Although burn injuries are a major global health threat, requiring standardized management, there is a lack of worldwide accepted quality indicators for burn care. This study aims to identify the best burn care-specific QIs as perceived by worldwide burn practitioners.Methods: The ISBI Burn Care Committee developed a survey to analyze which burn care specific QIs were relevant to international burn care professionals. The questionnaire was based on the three dimensions of the Donabedian model (i.e., Structure, Process, and Outcome) to evaluate the quality of care. The study was conducted from April to September 2021 and analyzed and reported following the Checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys (CHERRIES). Results: According to the 124 worldwide respondents, the most relevant QIs were: access to intensive care, burn surgeons, and dedicated burn care nurses (Structure category), 24 hours access to burn services, local protocols based on documented guidelines (Process category), and in-hospital mortality and incidence of severe infections (Outcome category).Conclusions: Specific QIs related to structures, clinical processes, and outcomes are needed to monitor the treatment of burn patients globally, assess the efficiency of the provided treatment, and harmonize the worldwide standard of burn care.

  • 47.
    Depetris, Nadia
    et al.
    CTO Hosp, Italy; Via Zuretti 29 CTO Citta Salute & Sci, Italy.
    Lavrentieva, Athina
    Papanikolaou Hosp, Greece.
    Dash, Suvashis
    All India Inst Med Sci, India.
    Rogers, Alan David
    Sunnybrook Hlth Sci Ctr, Canada.
    Pompermaier, Laura
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Response to Letter to Editor regarding the manuscript "Quality indicators in burn care: An international burn care professionals survey to define them"2024Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 50, nr 2, s. 530-531Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 48.
    Detert, Hedvig
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Karlernäs, Astrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Rubensson, Carin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Nyman, Erika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Tesselaar, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik.
    Farnebo, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Microcirculatory response to cold stress test in the healthy hand2023Ingår i: Microvascular Research, ISSN 0026-2862, E-ISSN 1095-9319, Vol. 148, artikel-id 104540Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Cold sensitivity of the fingers is common in several conditions. It has been linked to digital vasospasm, microvascular dysfunction, and neural mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the normal digital micro-vascular response to a cold stress test in healthy individuals using Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging (LSCI).Methods: Twenty-six healthy individuals, mean age 31 (SD 9) years were included. Skin perfusion of digits II-V was measured using Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging before and after a standardized cold stress test. Changes in skin perfusion from baseline were analyzed between hands, digits, and sexes.Results: Skin perfusion was significantly (p &lt; 0.0001) affected by cold provocation in both the cold exposed and the contralateral hands in all participants of the study. This effect was significantly different between the radial (digit II and III) and the ulnar (digit V) side of the hands (p &lt; 0.001). There was a trend towards a larger decrease in perfusion in men (ns), and a faster recovery to baseline values in women (ns). A larger inter subject variability was seen in perfusion values in women.Conclusions: The normal microvascular response to cold provocation may involve both centrally and regionally mediated processes. When exposing one hand to a cold stress test, the contralateral hand responds with simul-taneous but smaller decreases in perfusion.

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  • 49.
    Dogan, Sinan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Elmasry, Moustafa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Elserafy, Ahmed Taher
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Vuola, Jyrki
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Helsinki Burn Centre, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Kankuri, Esko
    Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Grigoriadi, Marina Perdiki
    Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Klinisk patologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för neurobiologi.
    Valtonen, Jussi
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Helsinki Burn Centre, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Abdelrahman, Islam
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Steinvall, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Karlsson, Matilda
    Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Olofsson, Pia
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi.
    Lindford, Andrew
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Helsinki Burn Centre, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland.
    A prospective dual-centre intra-individual controlled study for the treatment of burns comparing dermis graft with split-thickness skin auto-graft2022Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 12, nr 1, artikel-id 21666Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To investigate if donor and recipient site morbidity (healing time and cosmesis) could be reduced by a novel, modified split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) technique using a dermal component in the STSG procedure (DG). The STSG technique has been used for 150 years in surgery with limited improvements. Its drawbacks are well known and relate to donor site morbidity and recipient site cosmetic shortcomings (especially mesh patterns, wound contracture, and scarring). The Dermal graft technique (DG) has emerged as an interesting alternative, which reduces donor site morbidity, increases graft yield, and has the potential to avoid the mesh procedure in the STSG procedure due to its elastic properties. A prospective, dual-centre, intra-individual controlled comparison study. Twenty-one patients received both an unmeshed dermis graft and a regular 1:1.5 meshed STSG. Aesthetic and scar assessments were done using The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) and a Cutometer Dual MPA 580 on both donor and recipient sites. These were also examined histologically for remodelling and scar formation. Dermal graft donor sites and the STSG donor sites healed in 8 and 14 days, respectively (p < 0.005). Patient-reported POSAS showed better values for colour for all three measurements, i.e., 3, 6, and 12 months, and the observers rated both vascularity and pigmentation better on these occasions (p < 0.01). At the recipient site, (n = 21) the mesh patterns were avoided as the DG covered the donor site due to its elastic properties and rendered the meshing procedure unnecessary. Scar formation was seen at the dermal donor and recipient sites after 6 months as in the standard scar healing process. The dermis graft technique, besides potentially rendering a larger graft yield, reduced donor site morbidity, as it healed faster than the standard STSG. Due to its elastic properties, the DG procedure eliminated the meshing requirement (when compared to a 1:1.5 meshed STSG). This promising outcome presented for the DG technique needs to be further explored, especially regarding the elasticity of the dermal graft and its ability to reduce mesh patterns. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT05189743) 12/01/2022. © 2022, The Author(s).

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  • 50.
    Droog Tesselaar, Erik
    et al.
    Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Radiofysikavdelningen US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Flejmer, Anna M.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    Farnebo, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Dasu, Alexandru
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för radiologiska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Radiofysikavdelningen US. The Skandion Clinic, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Changes in skin microcirculation during radiation therapy for breast cancer2017Ingår i: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 56, nr 8, s. 1072-1080Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract:

    Background: The majority of breast cancer patients who receive radiation treatment are affected by acute radiation-induced skin changes. The assessment of these changes is usually done by subjective methods, which complicates the comparison between different treatments or patient groups. This study investigates the feasibility of new robust methods for monitoring skin microcirculation to objectively assess and quantify acute skin reactions during radiation treatment.

    Material and methods: Laser Doppler flowmetry, laser speckle contrast imaging, and polarized light spectroscopy imaging were used to measure radiation-induced changes in microvascular perfusion and red blood cell concentration (RBC) in the skin of 15 patients undergoing adjuvant radiation therapy for breast cancer. Measurements were made before treatment, once a week during treatment, and directly after the last fraction.

    Results: In the treated breast, perfusion and RBC concentration were increased after 1–5 fractions (2.66–13.3 Gy) compared to baseline. The largest effects were seen in the areola and the medial area. No changes in perfusion and RBC concentration were seen in the untreated breast. In contrast, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) scores were increased only after 2 weeks of treatment, which demonstrates the potential of the proposed methods for early assessment of skin changes. Also, there was a moderate to good correlation between the perfusion (r = 0.52) and RBC concentration (r = 0.59) and the RTOG score given a week later.

    Conclusion: We conclude that radiation-induced microvascular changes in the skin can be objectively measured using novel camera-based techniques before visual changes in the skin are apparent. Objective measurement of microvascular changes in the skin may be valuable in the comparison of skin reactions between different radiation treatments and possibly in predicting acute skin effects at an earlier stage.

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