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  • 1.
    Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    Haneberg, Dag Håkon
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    Jakobsen, Siri
    Nord University Business School, Nord University, Norway.
    Lauvås, Thomas
    Nord University Business School, Nord University, Norway.
    Wigger, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Nord University Business School, Nord University, Norway.
    Case-based entrepreneurship education in and for the Nordic region2022Ingår i: Reframing the Case Method in Entrepreneurship Education.: Cases from the Nordic Countries / [ed] Wigger, K., Aaboen, L., Haneberg, D.H.,Jakobsen, S., & Lauvås, T., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022, s. 2-17Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The case method provides entrepreneurship educators with great potential to be entrepreneurial and to think outside the box when adjusting the case method for increased entrepreneurial learning. This chapter provides the theoretical background of case-based entrepreneurship education and a debate on context in case teaching in general and the Nordic countries in particular. Further the chapter provides a synopsis and reflections of how the chapters in this book discuss the design and utilization of cases through 2 parts. Part 1 includes theoretical perspectives, discussions, and practical procedures on how the case method and case activities can be reframed and approached in entrepreneurship education in general and for experiential learning in particular. Part 2 contributes with a collection of Nordic entrepreneurship cases with accompanying teaching notes. We believe that this book is of great inspiration for entrepreneurship educators wanting to use the case method in their teaching.

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  • 2.
    Aaltio, Iiris
    et al.
    School of Economics and Business University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Kyrö, PaulaHelsinki School of Economics, Finland.Sundin, ElisabethLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Women, Entrepreneurship and Social Capital: A Dialogue and Construction2008Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores social capital as the multiple relationships between gender, management and entrepreneurship. Human resources are the social capital of a firm and business life, based on trust as well as on expertise, values and cultural diversity. This calls for cross-cultural knowledge and an understanding of gender issues and individual differences in the social capital of the firm and society. The dialogue between women entrepreneurship and social capital theory and research has its special place among other women entrepreneurship books, the number of which has lately increased. It strengthens still in some respect the fragmented voice of women entrepreneurship research by providing a landscape of women entrepreneurs as creators of, and created by, social capital. It indicates how women entrepreneurs appear to have a special position in forming, developing and reorganizing the social capital in the business world. In its eleven chapters, twenty-six researchers representing a variety of disciplines from different parts of the world are presenting findings on diverse aspects of the dialogue between women entrepreneurship and social capital. As a consequence the central concepts, social capital, entrepreneurship and gender, are given a variety of meanings. Women entrepreneurs and business owners regardless of their cultural context, branch and education provide interesting ideas to the global debate on equality and social capital.

  • 3.
    Aalto Hagman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Sonde, Claes
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Innovation Crowdsourcing: Exploring the Use of an Innovation Intermediary2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With the Open Innovation paradigm come new hopes for innovating companies. The ability to tap a global network of experts can, at least in theory, have a significant impact on an organization’s competitive strength. Before such a ‘network of experts’ can be used to its full potential however, a number of challenges related to knowledge markets seem to need solutions. About 10 years ago however, we could witness the entry of a new breed of company – calling themselves innovation intermediaries. These companies are built to profit from delivering the usefulness of knowledge networks to client (Seeker) companies. Though the use of such networks and markets have so far been uncommon outside of high-tech fields they are now starting to be seen used by companies in more mature environments.Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to examine the collaboration between SCA (a large Swedish corporation) and the innovation intermediary InnoCentive in order to create a better understanding of what kind of benefits can be derived from the use of an innovation intermediary, and how these benefits are best utilized. We also set out to identify relevant limitations of innomediary use and to seek to better understand how using an innomediary can fit a client company’s higher-order activities such as exploration and exploitation.Completion and Results: Our findings include that SCA are using InnoCentive mainly as a tool to solve highly specific problems and/or problems with a low degree of complexity that they encounter in their everyday activities. The challenges related to knowledge markets, we find, are avoided by keeping problem complexity low and problem modularity high for the problems sent out to the network. In addition, InnoCentive’s business model seems to eliminate costly negotiations between Seekers and Solvers. Using this kind of ‘market solution’ however, we argue, will put bounds on the usefulness of the network and makes it mainly suited as a tool for improving an organization’s exploitation capacity.

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  • 4.
    Aarnio, Annika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Kimber, Ellen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Talent Management & Strategy: Identifying Patterns through a Multiple Case Study2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Exploring the Talent Management literature to understand the importance of Talent Management to strategy and the role the view on talent plays in consideration to Talent Management.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to increase the empirical research on Talent Management to enable a creation of a conceptual framework.

    Methodology

    A multiple case study approach was taken, as 11 companies from diverse industries, sizes, backgrounds etc. was studied in order to gain a broader picture on the research topic. Furthermore, qualitative data collection method was used and main source of empirical data was interviews conducted with HR professionals of each case company.

    Findings

    The empirical findings indicated there to be a relationship between the strategy and the view on talent. There was further an indication that this relationship has an effect on the focus of the Talent Management activities. 

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  • 5.
    Abbatelli, Daniele
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Material flows in the waterjet industry: an environmental perspective2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abrasive Waterjet cutting (AWJ) presents many advantages over competing machining techniques, but several issues are related to the high volume of materials (and in particular of abrasive) used in the process.

    In this study, the environmental impact of the material flows in the abrasive waterjet industry has been analyzed adopting a life cycle perspective in order to individuate which phases place the largest burden on the environment. Moreover, three alternative abrasives (crushed rock, recycled glass and synthetic abrasive) and three disposal practices (in-site recycling, off-site recycling and recycling as construction material) have been also evaluated to estimate the benefits that can be achieved if these could be used in place of garnet abrasives and landfilling.

    The transportation of the abrasive resulted to be the phase that has the largest influence in every case and thus should be reduced as much as possible. For what concerns the alternative options, the usage of recycled glass and the in-site recycling of the abrasive were the two alternatives with the best environmental performances. However, crushed rock could be the best option for what concerns the global warming potential if carbon sequestration due to carbonation of silicate rocks is taken into account. Off-site recycling and recycling as construction material are good options only if the transportation to the recycling site can be reduced. Synthetic abrasive are instead found to have a much larger impact compared to every other alternative examined.

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  • 6.
    Abdi, Allan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap.
    Tunisiens tillfälliga övergångsregim 2011: En teorikonsumerande fallstudie av politiska aktörers betydelse för övergången till demokratiskt styre2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    According to The Economist Democracy Index, Tunisia was at 2.79 during 2010 and by the end of 2011 they had climbed up to 5.53. Therefore Tunisia entered a new category, called hybrid regime. This was a step closer to a more democratic regime. Rustow Dankwart, Shain Yossi and Linz J. Juan would say that the interim government and the political actors within it had a significant impact on Tunisias increase in democracy index. Therefore the aim of this study took the shape of a theory consuming case study. The purpose of the study was to analyze the political actors and the interim government importance during the Tunisian democratic transition, with the delimitation to the year 2011. The results firstly showed us the categorization hardliners within the authoritarian coalition in combination with radicals in the oppositional coalition. During the second interim government the categorization changes from hardliners to softliners. During the third, we see a glint of moderates within the opposition. Secondly, the results showed us that there is evidence of an opposition-led, power-sharing and incumbent-led caretaker regime in Tunisia. The study discusses two conclusions about political actors during the transition. Firstly, the importance of radicals within the opposition and secondly the importance of the authoritarian coalition changing from hardliners to softliners, which allowed the country to transition. Within the categorization of the interim government we have come to the conclusion that the opposition-led government played a significant role in the Tunisian transition.

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  • 7.
    Abdulhamidova, Nurangez
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    The European Union-Central Asia: in the light of the New Strategy2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Central Asia is a region strategically located on the crossroads of the two continents. The region is represented by five states (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) with different level of economic development and with the population amounting to over 60 million people. The region is rich in energy resources, represented by oil, gas, coal and hydropower resources.

    The thesis analyses, assesses and scrutinises one of the topical issues of the contemporary international relations - cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states before and after adoption in June 2007 of the ‘European Union and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership’, an important political document in the history of relations between the two parties.

    The new stage of cooperation is analysed more comprehensively accentuating priorities set in the Strategy. Analysis of the current state of affairs is conducted concerning some important issues of the Strategy related to regional cooperation between Central Asian states, such as integrated water management and development of hydro-energy system, issues of diversification of hydrocarbons supply routes from the region to Europe and provision of energy security, etc.

    Issues of cooperation between the European Union and Tajikistan are analysed as a case study. State of affairs between some of the European Union member-states and Central Asian countries is characterised.

    The thesis also scrutinises other regional/international actors engaged in cooperation with Central Asia (such as China, Russia, the US, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, etc.) and their potential for interaction with the European Union for more effective joint solution of the problems existing in the region is assessed.

    In the conclusion, development of cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states is scrutinised, the problems and their possible solutions in this regard are analysed, and the recommendations for increasing effectiveness of cooperation between the two parties are presented.

    The European Union’s foreign policy in Central Asia is interpreted from perspective of the theories of international relations namely neorealism, neoliberalism and constructivism in the end of every chapter.

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    The European Union-Central Asia : in the light of the New Strategy
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    COVER01
  • 8.
    Abdulhamidova, Nurangez
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    The European Union-Central Asia: in the light of the New Strategy2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Central Asia is a region strategically located at the crossroads of the two continents: Asia and Europe. The region is represented by five states (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) with different level of economic development and with the population amounting to over 60 million people. The region is rich in energy resources represented by oil, gas, coal and water resources.

    The thesis analyses, assesses and scrutinises one of the topical issues of the contemporary international relations - cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states before and after adoption in June 2007 of the ‘European Union and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership’,  an important political document in the history of relations between the two parties.

    The new stage of cooperation is analysed more comprehensively accentuating priorities set in the Strategy. Analysis of the current state of affairs is conducted concerning some important issues of the Strategy related to regional cooperation between Central Asian states, such as integrated water management and development of hydro-energy system, issues of diversification of hydrocarbons supply routes from the region to Europe and provision of energy security, etc.

    Issues of cooperation between the European Union and Tajikistan are analysed as a case study. State of affairs between the Central Asian states and the European Union Member States actively cooperating with these countries is characterised.

    The thesis also scrutinises other regional/international actors engaged in cooperation with Central Asia (such as China, Russia, the US, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, etc.) and their potential for interaction with the European Union for more effective joint solution of the problems existing in the region is assessed.

    In the conclusion, development of cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states is scrutinised, the problems and their possible solutions in this regard are analysed, and the recommendations for increasing effectiveness of cooperation between the two parties are presented.

    The European Union’s policy in Central Asia is interpreted from perspective of the theories of international relations namely neorealism, neoliberalism and constructivism in the research.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The European Union-Central Asia: in the light of the New Strategy
  • 9.
    Abdullah, M Ailieen
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ölundh Sandström, Gunilla
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Building Networks for Delivering Integrated Product-Service Offerings (IPSOs)2010Ingår i: Proceedings of 2nd CIRP IPS2 Conference 2010 - Industrial product-service systems -IPS², CIRP , 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper describes the effect of forming business networks and collaborations for the purpose of developing an Integrated Product-Service Offering (IPSO) using the Product/Service Systems (PSS). The research method is an in-depth case study of a joint venture formed by four companies developing a new technology for chemical extraction from water sludge waste within the pulp and paper industry.

    Combining literature from PSS, network theories and collaborative product development, this paper puts forward the benefits for SMEs to collaborate in business networks and produce IPSOs when introducing a new technology in an emerging market. The case study shows that working towards the new market would not have been possible if each party acted individually or maintained their traditional buyer-supplieroperator roles, and that IPSOs can reduce the business risk.

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  • 10.
    Abebe, Meaza Eshetu
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Coordination of inter-organizational projects within creative industries: A contextual perspective2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-organizational projects have become common forms of organizing in various industries such as construction, advertising, music, film making etc. The unique structural nature of Inter-organizational projects coupled with the fact that they carried out through the participation of multiple organizations, raises issues of coordination. Particularly when it comes to creative industries, coordination is challenged by demand and transactional uncertainties. In order to understand how inter-organizational projects achieve coordination in such situations, it is important to study their interior processes putting in consideration their environmental context. 

    The aim of this research is to study how network embeddedness enhances coordination in inter-organizational projects within creative industries.

    Inter-organizational projects: are projects that are carried out through the collaboration of multiple legally independent organizations

    Inter-organizational networks: refer to sets of long-term ties among independent organizations that are engaged in continuous exchange relations.

    Embeddedness: refers to the continuous interaction of individuals, organizations, projects etc. with their environmental context.

    Macrocultures: refer to the shared beliefs, norms values rules and practices with in inter- organizational networks that guide members on their actions.

    A qualitative approach using a multiple comparative case study was conducted. Accordingly four projects chosen from creative industries were studied using both primary and secondary data.

    Macrocultures that are embedded inter-organizational networks facilitate coordination within inter-organizational projects. Further projects that differ in their constituents task nature, time duration and team composition relied on different types of embeddedness for coordination.

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    ISRN LIU-IEI-FIL-A--1201237--SE
  • 11.
    Abele, Wilhelm
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Starfelt, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Framgångsfaktorer vid implementering av artificiell intelligens2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Framgångsfaktorer vid implementering av artificiell intelligens

    Författare: Wilhelm Abele och Simon Starfelt

    Handledare: Jon Engström

    Nyckelord: Artificiell intelligens (AI), AI-implementering, framgångsfaktorer, hinder, organisation.

    Bakgrund: Artificiell intelligens (AI) har funnits sedan år 1956 men det är först det senaste årtiondet som AI blivit applicerbart inom organisationer. Forskning tyder på att AI har stor värdepotential och företagsledare menar att AI kommer ha stor påverkan på organisatoriska processer. Samtidigt som värdepotentialen ser lovande ut, visar undersökningar att majoriteten av de företag som investerar i AI upplever minimalt eller inget värde från investeringen. Tidigare forskning menar att svårigheterna ligger i implementeringsprocessen av AI och att organisationer bör ha ett affärsmässigt perspektiv för att uppleva värde. Därmed ska de faktorer som påverkar implementeringsprocessen undersökas.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka framgångsfaktorer vid implementering av AI i en organisation. Vidare är syftet att skapa ett ramverk organisationer kan förhålla sig till under implementeringsprocessen av AI.

    Genomförande: Studien är en tentativ flerfallstudie med kvalitativ karaktär. Empirin har samlats in genom intervjuer från sex organisationer av olika karaktär, där de antigen utvecklar AI-system själva eller köpt in externt. Detta för att skapa ett brett perspektiv för vilka framgångsfaktorerna är.

    Slutsats: Studien resulterar i ett ramverk som innefattar de faktorer som anses avgörande för en framgångsrik implementering av AI i en organisation. Ramverket är uppdelat i tre faser: (1) Förberedelsefas, (2) Implementeringsfas och (3) Utvärderingsfas. Framgångsfaktorerna kopplade till en lyckad implementering är: affärsdrivet syfte, involvering av intressenter, datakvalitet- och hantering, kunskapsdelning och organisationsstruktur, samt utvärdering och feedback.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Framgångsfaktorer vid implementering av AI - Abele & Starfelt
  • 12.
    Abo Al Ahad, George
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik.
    Gerzic, Denis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik.
    A Study on the Low Volatility Anomaly in the Swedish Stock Exchange Market: Modern Portfolio Theory2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates, with a critical approach, if portfolios consisting of high beta stocks yields more than portfolios consisting of low beta stocks in the Swedish stock exchange market. The chosen period is 1999-2016, covering both the DotCom Bubble and the financial crisis of 2008. We also investigate if the Capital Asset Pricing Model is valid by doing a test similar to Fama and Macbeth’s of 1973.

    Based on earlier studies in the field and our own study we come to the conclusion that high beta stocks does not outperform low beta stocks in the Swedish stock market 1999-2016. We believe that this relationship arises from inefficiencies in the market and irrational investing. By doing this study we observe that, the use of beta as the only risk factor for explaining expected returns on stocks or portfolios is not correct.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Abo Al Ahad, George
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Produktionsekonomi.
    Salami, Abbas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Produktionsekonomi.
    Machine Learning for Market Prediction: Soft Margin Classifiers for Predicting the Sign of Return on Financial Assets2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Forecasting procedures have found applications in a wide variety of areas within finance and have further shown to be one of the most challenging areas of finance. Having an immense variety of economic data, stakeholders aim to understand the current and future state of the market. Since it is hard for a human to make sense out of large amounts of data, different modeling techniques have been applied to extract useful information from financial databases, where machine learning techniques are among the most recent modeling techniques. Binary classifiers such as Support Vector Machines (SVMs) have to some extent been used for this purpose where extensions of the algorithm have been developed with increased prediction performance as the main goal. The objective of this study has been to develop a process for improving the performance when predicting the sign of return of financial time series with soft margin classifiers.

    An analysis regarding the algorithms is presented in this study followed by a description of the methodology that has been utilized. The developed process containing some of the presented soft margin classifiers, and other aspects of kernel methods such as Multiple Kernel Learning have shown pleasant results over the long term, in which the capability of capturing different market conditions have been shown to improve with the incorporation of different models and kernels, instead of only a single one. However, the results are mostly congruent with earlier studies in this field. Furthermore, two research questions have been answered where the complexity regarding the kernel functions that are used by the SVM have been studied and the robustness of the process as a whole. Complexity refers to achieving more complex feature maps through combining kernels by either adding, multiplying or functionally transforming them. It is not concluded that an increased complexity leads to a consistent improvement, however, the combined kernel function is superior during some of the periods of the time series used in this thesis for the individual models. The robustness has been investigated for different signal-to-noise ratio where it has been observed that windows with previously poor performance are more exposed to noise impact.

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    ML for Market Predictions
  • 14.
    Aboulazze, Nawal
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nordström, Frida
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Exklusiva varumärkens strategier kring digitala kundrelationer: Hur svenska exklusiva varumärken skapar kundrelationer via sociala medier2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Idag väljer allt fler företag inom mode- och inredningsindustrin att sälja sina produkter online. Företagens interaktioner och marknadsföring sker därför mestadels digitalt gentemot kunden. Denna nya era av digitalisering för företagen innebär en stor förändring vad gäller nya former av marknadsföring och kundkontakt. Tidigare har exklusiva företag främst använt sig av butiksmedarbetare i fysiska butiker för att överföra känslan av lyx och exklusivitet till kunden, vilket utmanar denna bransch i en digital kontext. Vidare förväntas exklusiva företag idag ha en transparens gällande hållbarhet och miljömässigt avtryck i sin kommunikation mot kunden. Samtidigt innebär detta en högre risk för kritisering. Studien kommer därför att vidare undersöka de utmaningar som nio exklusiva företag upplever kring skapande och underhåll av kundrelationer i en digital kontext.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva och analysera hur svenska exklusiva varumärken skapar samt bibehåller relationer till sina kunder via sociala medier. Studien kommer senare bidra med slutsatser kring hur de exklusiva svenska varumärkena bör agera för att förbättra sina relationer till sina kunder via sociala medier.

    Metod: Denna fallstudie har en kvalitativ forskningsstrategi. Ett hermeneutiskt vetenskapligt perspektiv har valts tillsammans med induktiva inslag. Den kvalitativa datainsamlingen består av semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio respondenter från nio svenska, exklusiva företag inom mode- och inredningsbranschen.

    Slutsats: Studiens resultat visar att de svenska exklusiva företagen skapar samt bibehåller relationer med sina kunder genom parasociala interaktioner på sociala medier. Detta utförs genom digitala strategier som storytelling, sinnesmarknadsföring, word of mouth, CRM samt värdeskapande. Aspekter som utmanar de exklusiva företagens digitala relationsskapande är företagens storlek, sinnesexkludering, tidsbrist och kapital. Vidare visar studien att företagen bör öka sin transparens gällande hållbarhet gentemot sina kunder för att uppnå ett ökat förtroende.

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  • 15. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    SME Performance and Its Relationship to Innovation2011Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Current SME performance models suffer from a number of disadvantages. The models use intensively a business ratio approach, they look at SMEs as a homogenous group, they consider firms to be closed systems, they do not directly incorporate the impact of an enterprise’s innovation activities, and finally they are complex and rely on sophisticated statistical refining methods making them unpractical to use by SME managers. There are four major challenges when one tries to build SME performance models that lack these deficiencies. The first challenge is that the desired performance evaluation model must optimally incorporate both quantitative and qualitative input. The second challenge is that the model must incorporate non-financial input parameters, such as firm size and age (among others), in the performance evaluation models. The third is that the model must consider the variety of SMEs as concerns their business sectors, nationalities, sizes, and ages. The final challenge is that the model must be able to utilize existing limited information available from the SMEs bookkeeping practices in an optimal way.

    The thesis addresses three questions related to constructing a better SMEperformance model, namely (1) What are the advantages and disadvantages of the existing models used in evaluating SME performance? (2) What characterizes a comprehensive model for measuring SME performance with acknowledgement of the firm’s innovation activities? (3) How can a firm’s innovation activities be enhanced in relation to the firm’s external environment?

    To construct a model that copes with these challenges, I used a literature-based selection of parameters as well as a theory-based selection. I used both a conceptual approach and an empirical approach to discuss and propose a model, the Survival Index Value (or SIV) model, as an alternative to the existing performance models for SMEs.

    The major contributions of this thesis to the field of SME performance can be summarized in three outcomes: the SIV model as a new model of SME performance evaluation, the ASPEM as a new tool for strategic utilization of SME performance models, and a new approach to account for innovation in relation to the external environment of the firm using the IBAM tool.

    The work adds to the theory of the firm, as it presents a new way of evaluating firm performance. It also contributes to bridging the theory of the firm to organizational theory, by elevating the significance of networking and its impact on SME efficiency.

    Delarbeten
    1. Typology Analysis of Performance Models of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (SMEs)
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Typology Analysis of Performance Models of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (SMEs)
    2004 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1099-9264, E-ISSN 1939-4675, Vol. 2, nr 1-2, s. 155-177Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    A number of firm performance models are available. Reviewing these models and pointing out their individual strengths and weaknesses, would help both academic researchers and professional users to understand and appreciate how and when to use these various models. The theoretical models for Small and Medium-size Enterprise (SME) performance can be divided into two categories: firm dynamics theories and performance prediction models. In the first part of this paper we review, in a condensed manner, the most relevant firm dynamic theories, i.e. SME's performance models. These include: Stochastic Theories, Learning Model Theories and Hazard Modeling Theories. In the second part of this paper, we examine the performance prediction models of SMEs, which include Z-Scores, ZETA-Scores, Neural Networks (NN) and the SIV® models, among others. The strengths and weaknesses of each of these models are exposed and discussed.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    SpringerLink, 2004
    Nyckelord
    small and medium-size enterprises - survival index value - SIV® model - Z-scores - neural networks
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71336 (URN)10.1023/B:JIEN.0000026911.03396.2d (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. ASPEM as the New Topographic Analysis Tool for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Performance Models Utilization
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>ASPEM as the New Topographic Analysis Tool for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Performance Models Utilization
    2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1099-9264, E-ISSN 1939-4675, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 53-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Quantifying and measuring small firm performance is vital in our understanding of how internationalization influences firm performance. That is also important when attempting to grasp the mechanisms of the internationalization processes. There are few methods used for the evaluation of performance of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise (SMEs). These methods can be either macro or micro economic in nature. Hazard Modeling, Stochastic Models, and Learning Models are examples of macro economic models while Z-Scores, ZETA-Scores, Neural Networks, and the SIV® model are examples of micro models. Choosing the most suitable performance model is an essential step in order to maximize our knowledge in relation to firm performance. Utilizing SMEs performance measures without thinking about the category of model, will bias the outcome of the majority of SMEs studies. However, using firm performance diverse models in an efficient manner requires strategic thinking. In this paper, we are re-introducing a tool that can accommodate that aspect. Abouzeedan (2002) designated the new tool: the Arena of SMEs Performance Models or an ASPEM diagram. The horizontal axis in the diagram indicates the Information Intensity Requirements of the model. The vertical axis indicates the Coverage Intensity of the model varying from an individual firm up to a whole group of firms. By allocating each of the SMEs performance models, at the suitable region of the ASPEM Diagram, researchers can better build a sound strategy for the application of these methods.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    SpringerLink, 2005
    Nyckelord
    Arena of SMEs performance models, ASPEM - SIV® model, Zeta-scores, ZETA-scores, neural networks, stochastic theories, hazard modeling
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71337 (URN)10.1007/s10843-005-0305-4 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Analysis of Swedish Fishery Company Using SIV® Model: A Case Study
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Analysis of Swedish Fishery Company Using SIV® Model: A Case Study
    2004 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Enterprising Culture, ISSN 0218-4958, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 277-301Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In his original work of the Survival Index Value (SIV®) model, Dr. Adli Abouzeedan proposed a new parameter, which he named as the Survival Index (SI) (see Abouzeedan, 2001; Abouzeedan and Busler, 2002a). The new parameter is used to evaluate the performance of Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SMEs) utilizing firm survivability as an indicator. The SI is calculated using an equation known as Survival Index (SI) Value Equation or SIE. In this paper, we applied the SIV® model to run an analysis on a very young Swedish firm and up to our knowledge, for the first time. The firm is a small one, working within a business sector defined as "fish preparation industry". This particular enterprise had a bad performance through its short life. The purpose of this study is to truly determine if the SIV® model has the capacity to indicate the performance of the firm. The case study presented in this work showed the valuable analytical power of the new model since it succeeded in giving a clear indication of the worsening situation of the enterprise. During the SIV® analysis of this Swedish firm new concepts have been introduced which do increase the practicality and analytical capacity of the model.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    World Scientific Publishing Co., 2004
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71340 (URN)10.1142/S0218495804000154 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Innovation Balance Matrix: an application in the Arab countries
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Innovation Balance Matrix: an application in the Arab countries
    2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 270-280Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Economies have different levels of entrepreneurial activities depending on the availability of tangible as well as intangible resources. In their working paper, Abouzeedan and Busler (2004) established a new type of capital, adding up the components of the most important types of capital. These are the human capital, financial capital and the system capital. In that paper, the two researchers defined each of the components and explained what they meant with those terminologies. They called this new type of capital, innovation capital. The two researchers have argued that innovation capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment in a region and thus the general character of the economy. They also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix or IBAM as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions. In this extended work, they have used this analysis and tried to apply it to Arab countries using a general knowledge and deductive approach to the issue. They conclude the paper with some recommendations as how to enrich the innovation capital in that region.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Inderscience Enterprises Limited, 2006
    Nyckelord
    Human capital; financial capital; system capital; innovation capital; innovation balance matrix; IBAM; Arab countries; Middle East; entrepreneurship.
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71341 (URN)10.1504/WREMSD.2006.009893 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
    5. Entrepreneurial policies and the innovation balance matrix: the case of the Arab countries
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Entrepreneurial policies and the innovation balance matrix: the case of the Arab countries
    2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Science,Technology and Sustainability in the Middle East and North Africa: Section III: Science Technology and Innovation / [ed] Allam Ahmed, Inderscience Enterprises Limited , 2007, s. 158-175Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the connection between economic progress and the entrepreneurial environment has been investigated by researchers using diverse approaches. One way to investigate the question is to use deductive analysis regarding the forms of capital contributing to the entrepreneurial environment of society. Adli Abouzeedan and Michael Busler were the first to introduce the concept of 'Innovation Capital'. The two researchers argued that Innovation Capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment. In the same paper, the researchers also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix (IBAM) as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions, applying it across the globe. In a later work, the two researchers tried to run a similar IBAM analysis focusing on the Arab world. The two writers found that the best solution to the lack of individual entrepreneurial economies in that region is through what they called the 'additive solution'. In this work, we take their argument deeper and look at the kind of policies that would achieve that solution.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Inderscience Enterprises Limited, 2007
    Serie
    Globalisation, Technology and Sustainable Development Book Series
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71342 (URN)0-907776-30-2 (ISBN)0-907776-32-9 (ISBN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-11-21Bibliografiskt granskad
    6. Managing Innovation in a Globalised Economy: Defining the Open Capital
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Managing Innovation in a Globalised Economy: Defining the Open Capital
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: World Sustainable Development Outlook 2009. The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Environment, Energy and Sustainable Development / [ed] Allam Ahmed, World Association for Sustainable Development , 2009, s. 287-294Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Economies develop different levels of entrepreneurial capacity depending on the degree of availability of tangible as well as intangible resources. In an earlier work by Abouzeedan and Busler (2006), a new type of capital, that is, innovation capital, has been suggested to serve as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment in an economy. Innovation capital incorporates the concepts of human capital, financial capital and system capital. However, the issue of accessibility and openness in the innovation process also need to be reflected in the innovation capital concept. Innovation activities in the modern economies are growing to become more interconnected and open in their nature. In this paper, we defined and incorporated a new component within the innovation capital, namely open capital. We also reflected on how the four components of the innovation capital concept, including the open capital, are interconnected.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    World Association for Sustainable Development, 2009
    Nyckelord
    Open Capital, Human Capital, Financial Capital, System Capital, Innovation Capital, Open Innovation, Open Innovation Management
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71344 (URN)978-1-907106-05-7 (ISBN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-11-21Bibliografiskt granskad
    7. Analysis of a Swedish High Technology SME Using the Survival Index Value (SIV) Model
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Analysis of a Swedish High Technology SME Using the Survival Index Value (SIV) Model
    2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Paper Sessions, Workshops and Special Meetings: The 56th ICSB World Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 15th and 18th of June, ICSB , 2011, s. 170-179Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major deficiencies in the existing Small and Medium-sized Enterprises’ (SMEs) performance evaluation models is the fact that they lack a clear coupling to the issue of innovation and its impact on performance. A possible candidate model which could achieve this is the Survival Index Value (SIV) model. The model has a parameter incorporated in its structure, the technology-intake. This parameter can be used as an indicator of the degree of innovativeness of the firm. Previous works using the model looked at general performance without specific focus on innovation activities of the firm and without relating that to aspects of survival and growth. In this paper the aim was to demonstrate the ability of the SIV model to indicate a positive overall performance due to the intensive investment of a selected firm in innovation activities.

    The enterprise analyzed, Autoadapt AB, is a Swedish high technology firm working in adapting cars and automobiles to handicapped people. Due to the nature of their activities the firm has a high level of innovation input to be able to solve the complex problems related to usage of cars by disabled people. Both the product development process and managing the activities around it requires a high level of innovativeness and ingenuity. As thus the firm presented a very interesting object to study. The study has a clear significance as there is a need to differentiate the performance of innovation-intensive enterprises from firms who are using less investment in innovation in their activities. This can be done by considering the investment in new technologies both as product development and/or as investing in absorption of external management, product or process innovation. Applying the SIV model to run this analysis can help to demonstrate the need to incorporate the technology intake as an essential component of SME’s performance model.

    The results indicated that the SIVmodel is able to predict correctly the performance of the object firm. By having mostly positive survival factor values, which are single data-points, during years of operation, and also having mostly positive survivability coefficient values, which are agglomerate data-points, the SIVmodel proved its abilities. Clearly, the model has a good potential to be developed and fine-tuned even more. The SIV model can be tested further to look at deviations in performance of firms among different sectors and relates that to the innovativeness of whole sectors.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    ICSB, 2011
    Nyckelord
    small and medium-sized enterprises, SMEs, performance evaluation models, SIV model
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71345 (URN)978-0-9819028-3-8 (ISBN)0-9819028-3-9 (ISBN)
    Konferens
    ICSB 2011 World Conference Date: June 15-18, 2011, Stockholm Waterfront Congress Center, Stockholm, Sweden
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-05-04Bibliografiskt granskad
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    SME Performance and Its Relationship to Innovation
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    omslag
  • 16.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Department of Medicine Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hedner, Thomas
    Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Department of Medicine Sahlgrenska Academy, University of.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Innovation and entrepreneurship – new themes for new times2010Ingår i: Annals of Innovation & Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2000-7396, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 1-3Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout history, innovators and entrepreneurs have had a tremendous impact on development, exploration, trade, education, science, and integration. During the 20th century, innovation and entrepre-neurship have been regarded as key drivers in technological progress and productivity development worldwide. New radical innovations from new fields of knowledge such as information and communication technologies and biotechnology have emerged to influence everyday life for most people. Realizing this, policy makers as well as individuals argue that innovative and entrepreneurial change processes need to be further implemented on the micro as well as macro levels in society (Abouzeedan, Busler, & Hedner, 2009; Busenitz, Gomez, & Spencer, 2000). The study of innovation is therefore likely to be an increasingly important topic in, for example, economics, business, entrepreneurship, tech-nology, engineering, medicine, environmental biology, sociology, design, and reregional development (cf. Etzkowitz & Klofsten, 2005).

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  • 17.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hedner, Thomas
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Analysis of a Swedish High Technology SME Using the Survival Index Value (SIV) Model2011Ingår i: Paper Sessions, Workshops and Special Meetings: The 56th ICSB World Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 15th and 18th of June, ICSB , 2011, s. 170-179Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major deficiencies in the existing Small and Medium-sized Enterprises’ (SMEs) performance evaluation models is the fact that they lack a clear coupling to the issue of innovation and its impact on performance. A possible candidate model which could achieve this is the Survival Index Value (SIV) model. The model has a parameter incorporated in its structure, the technology-intake. This parameter can be used as an indicator of the degree of innovativeness of the firm. Previous works using the model looked at general performance without specific focus on innovation activities of the firm and without relating that to aspects of survival and growth. In this paper the aim was to demonstrate the ability of the SIV model to indicate a positive overall performance due to the intensive investment of a selected firm in innovation activities.

    The enterprise analyzed, Autoadapt AB, is a Swedish high technology firm working in adapting cars and automobiles to handicapped people. Due to the nature of their activities the firm has a high level of innovation input to be able to solve the complex problems related to usage of cars by disabled people. Both the product development process and managing the activities around it requires a high level of innovativeness and ingenuity. As thus the firm presented a very interesting object to study. The study has a clear significance as there is a need to differentiate the performance of innovation-intensive enterprises from firms who are using less investment in innovation in their activities. This can be done by considering the investment in new technologies both as product development and/or as investing in absorption of external management, product or process innovation. Applying the SIV model to run this analysis can help to demonstrate the need to incorporate the technology intake as an essential component of SME’s performance model.

    The results indicated that the SIVmodel is able to predict correctly the performance of the object firm. By having mostly positive survival factor values, which are single data-points, during years of operation, and also having mostly positive survivability coefficient values, which are agglomerate data-points, the SIVmodel proved its abilities. Clearly, the model has a good potential to be developed and fine-tuned even more. The SIV model can be tested further to look at deviations in performance of firms among different sectors and relates that to the innovativeness of whole sectors.

  • 18.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hedner, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Implementing the SIV Model on an Intensively Innovation-Oriented Firm: The Case of Autoadapt AB2012Ingår i: World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 2042-5961, Vol. 8, nr 2/3, s. 122-145Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Small to medium-sized enterprise (SME) evaluation models lack a clear coupling to innovation and its impact on firm performance. A model which can achieve this is the Survival Index Value (SIV) model. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the ability of the SIV model to indicate and predict the performance of a company. The firm, Autoadapt AB, is an innovation-oriented enterprise, adapting personal cars to be driven by handicapped people. The authors knew in advance about the good performance of the firm and its high efficiency in conducting its operations and expected the SIV model to reflect correctly on Autoadapt's performance. Because the handicap degree of each of the individuals who benefit from the firm activities differs from one person to another, product solutions have to be individually designed. Therefore the firm has had to pursue a high level of innovativeness and it had to abide with this policy right from the start. The product development processes in the firm needed to adapt to such strategies.

    To be able to demonstrate the ability of the SIV model to indicate a positive performance due to the intensive innovation activities of Autoadapt AB, a case study approach was used. Case studies are very suited for in-depth analysis of an object under a longer period of time. It is a widely-used research method in firm performance studies.

    The results of the SIV analysis indicated that the model is able to project correctly the performance of the object firm. At all the four levels of analysis, i.e. SI values, the SPI slope, the survival factors, and the survivability coefficients, the SIV analysis performance indicated a stable positive development of the firm through the life time of the enterprise.

    Measuring performance of SMEs is an important issue. There are couple of models stemming from the traditional accountancy disciplines in use; however these models suffer from clear disadvantages. Recently a new model, the SIV model, was introduced and has shown the ability of being a better candidate for performance analysis. The paper demonstrates the ability of the SIV model to judge correctly the performance of an innovative firm.

  • 19.
    Abrahamsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Larsson, Louise
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Media - makt att sätta företags agenda?: En kvantitativ studie om medias makt att påverka företags hållbarhetsredovisningar2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Den senaste tiden har en signifikant ökning av hållbarhetsrelaterade frågor skett i media samtidigt som företag nu i allt större utsträckning redovisar om hållbarhet. Media har en central roll i dagens samhälle och hållbarhet har vuxit fram som en av näringslivets viktigaste samtidsfrågor. Studier med en kombination av media och hållbarhet är ett givande fält för forskning.

    Syfte Syftet med denna studie är att förklara sambandet mellan medias hållbarhetsexponering av företag och företagens upprättande och omfattning av en hållbarhetsredovisning.

    Metod Denna kvantitativa studie formas utifrån en deduktiv ansats där hypoteser formuleras med bakgrund i befintliga teorier. En tvärsnittsdesign tillämpas för att mäta förekomsten och variationen av ett visst fenomen vid en viss tidpunkt. Sekundärdata används som empiriskt underlag. Studien fokuserar på företag noterade på Nasdaq Stockholm.

    Slutsats Studiens resultat visar att företags exponering i media påverkar företags upprättande och omfattning av en hållbarhetsredovisning positivt. Storlek, bransch, lönsamhet och antal dotterbolag är faktorer som också signifikant påverkar. Det går således att konstatera att media är en primär faktor till varför företag väljer att hållbarhetsredovisa. För varje nyhetsartikel media publicerar om ett företag i en hållbarhetskontext, är det företaget 2,491 gånger mer benäget att upprätta en hållbarhetsredovisning. Studien visar även att en ökad exponering i media leder till en mer omfattande hållbarhetsredovisning.

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  • 20.
    Abrahamsson, Ida
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Tornberg, Markus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Styrning i skolvärlden: En komparativ studie med fokus på rektorns förutsättnngar i kommunal skola respektive friskola2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie är avsedd att utreda vilka förutsättningar rektorer har att utföra sitt arbete samt om det skiljer sig åt mellan kommunala skolor och friskolor. Detta har undersökts genom att studera den bakomliggande ledningsstrukturen samt styrverktygen och hur de har format förutsättningarna för rektorer. Studien baseras på intervjuer med huvudmän, rektorer och en kvalitetschef från den kommunala skolan respektive friskola. Studien visar att styrverktygen; mål, kommunikation, mandat och beslut samt stödfunktioner och till viss del ledningsstruktur formar förutsättningen för rektorn. Dessa styrverktyg har också undersökts för att se hur väl de fungerar för att skapa rätt förutsättningar för rektorns arbete i den kommunala respektive friskoleverksamheten. Från resultaten som erhållits i denna studie anser vi att styrverktygen inte fungerar optimalt för att skapa bra förutsättningar till rektorerna, för att utföra sitt arbete. Framförallt har resultaten visat på att rektorer i friskolan har bättre förutsättningar än rektorer i den kommunala skolan.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21. Abrahamsson, Lena
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    Gremyr, Ida
    Kowalkowski, Christian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lindahl, Marcus
    Nilsson, Anders
    Rehn, Alf
    Segerstedt, Anders
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Öhman, Peter
    Industriell ekonomi och organisering2016Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Affärsmodeller för citylogistik & samordnad varudistribution: Handbok för kommuner och privata aktörer2017Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här handboken är resultatet av forskningsprojektet ”Affärsmodeller för citylogistik” som har finansierats av Vinnova och genomförts av forskare på Linköpings Universitet vid avdelningen Logistik- & Kvalitetsutveckling under perioden 2015 – 2017. Projektet är en direkt uppföljning av Färdplan Citylogistik – Godstransporter i urbana miljöer som visade att citylogistik och samordnad varudistribution behövs för att kunna driva utvecklingen mot mer hållbara och attraktiva städer med emissionsfria godstransporter. Den här boken presenterar en modell som syftar till att hjälpa kommuner och företag att komma igång med citylogistik och samordnad varudistribution – En affärsmodell som också fungerar som ett beslutsunderlag. Projektet grundar sig också i Forsknings- och innovationsagenda för framtidens logistik, där citylogistik lyfts fram som ett av de viktigaste utvecklingsområdena inom logistikområdet i framtiden.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Affärsmodeller för citylogistik & samordnad varudistribution : Handbok för kommuner och privata aktörer
  • 23.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Logistik för ökad svensk konkurrenskraft: Forsknings- och innovationsagenda för framtidens logistik2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Framtidens logistik står inför mycket stora utmaningar som har direkt bäring på svenska företags och organisationers förmåga till tillväxt, hållbarhet och konkurrenskraft. 

    Det står utom all tvivel att logistikens betydelse kommer att öka ännu mer i framtiden. Vinnare på de globala, rörliga marknaderna kommer ett vara de flödeseffektiva företagen, som har förmåga att hantera förändringarna på marknaden med en effektiv logistik som grund. För att lyckas behövs ett Logistiklyft för Sverige, med ett medvetet fokus på att utveckla de dynamiska förmågorna i företag och organisationer. Detta gäller i de allra flesta branscher och typ av företag.

    Den här innovations- och forskningsagendan utgår från den svenska traditionen och internationellt sett unika kunskapen och förmågan att med en systemsyn som grund designa, utveckla och styra komplexa system där flera olika kompetenser samverkar. Logistikens systemkunskap handlar om att lära sig att utforma och styra omfattande och allt mer komplexa försörjningskedjor (supply chains) från råvara till slutkund i syfte att öka svenska företags internationella konkurrenskraft och förmåga att växa på ett miljömässigt och ekonomiskt hållbart sätt

    Agendan adresserar behovet av kompetens och kunskap för mer innovativ logistikutveckling som följer:

    • Utveckling av kunskap om nya och mer innovativa logistiksystem och modeller för industri & handel 
    • Tjänsteutveckling för transport/logistik och IT-företag som stöd för mer innovativa logistiksystem, men också att ta till vara och stimulera den omfattande tjänsteutveckling som finns i förnyelsen av svenskt näringsliv, t ex mot högre grad av e-handel. 
    • Tillämpning av befintliga logistikkunskaper för områden och sektorer i behov av ett logistiklyft och ökad flödeseffektivitet, t.ex. logistik för små- och medelstora företag (SME) med fokus på HUR (genomförandeprocesser) istället för VAD (utformning av koncept och modeller). 
    • Utveckling av kunskaper om hur logistiksystem kan bidra till en hållbar utveckling, såväl miljömässigt som socialt.
    • Utveckling av kunskap om och tillämpning av logistiklösningar med primär samhällsnytta, t ex sjukvårdslogistik och citylogistik samt effektiv och hållbar försörjning av livsmedel, energi etc.

    Den här forsknigs- och innovationsagendan är utvecklad i samarbete mellan Linköpings Universitet, Lunds Tekniska Högskola, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola och en lång rad företag där Axis, SKF, Volvo och Nobel Biocare har funnits med i projektets styrgrupp. 

    Agendan finns endast som PDF. Kontakta Mats Abrahamsson, Linköpings Universitet. mats.abrahamsson@liu.se

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    Logistik för ökad svensk konkurrenskraft
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    presentationsbild
  • 24.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The Role of Logistics in Corporate Strategy2010Ingår i: Dimensionen der Logistik / [ed] in Schönberger, R., & Elbert, R., Heidelberg: Gabler Research , 2010, s. 533-552Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [de]

    Funktionen, Institutionen und Handlungsebenen beschreiben die drei Dimensionen des von Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. Hans-Christian Pfohl geschaffenen Logistikwürfels. Anlässlich seiner Emeritierung beleuchten Wissenschaftler und Praktiker in 75 Fachbeiträgen die Logistik mit all ihren Facetten und aktuellen Entwicklungen und geben Anregungen für die zukünftige Forschung und Praxis.

  • 25.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The Role of Logistics in Corporate Strategy2008Ingår i: Northern lights in logistics & supply chain management / [ed] Stentoft, Halldorsson, Jahre, Spens, Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School Press, 2008, 1, s. 49-66Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    "Northern Lights in Logistics & Supply Chain Management" portrays the past, present and future research of the subject in the Nordic countries. The NOFOMA conference - a network of Nordic researchers within the field of Logistics and Supply Chain Management - has been a focal point in the contribution to the continuous improvement and further development of Nordic research. The network has also opened up for interaction with fellow researchers from other countries. There are sixteen chapters in the book that in its own way colours the Nordic rainbow of research within Logistics and Supply Chain Management. The chapters are structured in four themes: 1) Origins and strategic aspects; 2) Research approaches in the Nordic countries; 3) Advancement of distribution strategies and; 4) Emerging application areas of logistics and SCM. The chapters provide an understanding and, perhaps more importantly, consciousness for scholars that are part of this research environment: Where are we now, what have we been influenced by, and in what area are we able to provide positive impact? The aim of the book is also to contribute to increased visibility to fellow international scholars within Logistics and Supply Chain Management.

  • 26.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik.
    Brege, Staffan
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi.
    Dynamic effectiveness: Improved industrial distribution from interaction between marketing and logistics strategies2005Ingår i: Journal of Marketing Channels, ISSN 1046-669X, E-ISSN 1540-7039, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 83-112Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on different observations, in theory as well as in practice, we have identified strategies and operations following two different tracks, striving in different directions, despite it being well known they should go hand in hand. For companies challenged by a more and more dynamic business environment with heavier market segmentation, additional marketing channels, increasing globalisation on supplier and customer side, and high pressure on profit margins, the result from this is competitive weakness. The purpose of this article is to switch focus from operational effectiveness and strategic positioning as static success concepts on how to improve industrial distribution, to dynamic challenges of how to continuously manage the interaction between marketing strategies and operations (e.g., logistics) under the influence of a dynamic business environment. From theories in market strategies, logistics, flexibility, and marketing channels together with empirical experience from a best practice case study, we are introducing a model for dynamic effectiveness, describing the different characteristics of a company and what to focus on in order to become more dynamic. In order to constantly move to new market positions, and at the same time, restructure logistics and improve operational effectiveness, we have identified the dynamic capabilities of an organisation to be the key to success in industrial distribution. We define dynamic effectiveness as "how fast-and-well a company can go from one strategic positioning and productivity frontier to another." It tells that a frequent interaction between new strategic moves and actions for higher operational effectiveness is required to be in pace with the dynamic and changing business environment and to stay ahead of competition. As a part, of this, best, practice logistics performance makes it possible not only to be more agile to new strategic moves, but also to drive strategic development from a high operational level. This is achieved by designing logistics to be a resource base to support and be an enabler for new strategic moves on the market. © 2004 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 27.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Christopher, Martin
    Cranfield School of Management, Cranfield, Bedford, UK.
    Stensson, Bo-Inge
    SKF, Sverige.
    Mastering Supply Chain Management in an era of uncertainty at SKF2015Ingår i: Global Business and Organizational Excellence: a review of research & best practices, ISSN 1932-2054, Vol. 34, nr 6, s. 6-17Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    To stay ahead in an increasingly competitive business environment, organizations need agile supply chain systems that are holistically designed and managed. The experiences of SKF, a Swedish multinational firm, point to the benefits of reengineering upstream capabilities to create value downstream. To foster the flexibility, responsiveness, and other dynamic capabilities needed to manage increased supply chain complexity, the company established programs to involve its suppliers in the value creation process, making them an extension of the organization’s resource base. The overall objective has been to migrate from a business model based on economies of scale in operations to one that exploits both economies of scope and economies of integration. As a result of its efforts to create a more agile and cost-efficient supply chain, the company has been able to decrease supply risks while improving its value creation process and responsiveness to new customer demands and advancing its sustainability and social responsibility initiatives. 

  • 28.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Karlöf, Stefan
    Sonat, Sverige.
    Det dynamiska företaget: om följsamhet och flödesorienterade affärsmodeller2011 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens osäkra affärsklimat betraktas av många som ett problem och en risk som måste hanteras. I den här boken vänder författarna på perspektivet och betraktar osäkerheten som en möjlighet till framgång - om företaget har tillräcklig dynamisk förmåga. Den dynamiska förmågan innebär att företaget snabbt kan förändra sin marknadsstrategi och sin dagliga verksamhet. Det kräver en tydlig och flödesorienterad affärsmodell med en effektiv och följsam kedja från leverantör till slutkund. Denna bok presenterar en modell för hur företaget kan uppnå en sådan dynamisk effektivitet och diskuterar hur man kan omsätta den i praktisk handling. Boken vänder sig till chefer och ledningsgrupper i företag som vill utvecklas i takt med omvärldens krav och därmed få bäst förutsättningar att överleva och växa i det krävande affärsklimatet - survival of the fittest!

  • 29.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Malmgren, Mike
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Andersson, Dan
    Chalmers.
    Inside the Core: Managing risks in Business Critical Outsourcing2011Ingår i: Proceedings of the 20th Annual IPSERA Conference, Vision 20/20 – Preparing Today for Tomorrow’s Challenges / [ed] F. Rozemeijer, M. Wetzels, L. Quintens, 2011, s. 1092-1101Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations are increasingly outsourcing business critical activities, which increases the risk of substantial negative impact on the financial and strategic business performance. The aim of this paper is to show how outsourcer and supplier seek to mitigate the risks during the negotiations and the ongoing operations of the outsourced activities. The conclusion is that risk mitigating dimensions are directional and operates at different organizational levels, and secondly, that the dimension operates sequentially as a means to mitigate performance and relational risks. It is also concluded that goodwill trust and a cooperative stance have substantial impact on the success of the outsourcing.

  • 30.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Malmgren, Mike
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Andersson, Dan
    Chalmers.
    Managing risk in complex and business critical outsourcing of services2011Ingår i: Proceedings of 18th International Annual Conference of the European Operations Management Association. EurOMA, 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past two decades the phenomenon of outsourcing of resources and activities has emerged as an important trend in a wide range of organizations and many companies are today outsourcing complex and business critical resources and activities. This increase in business criticality also increases the risk of substantial and negative impact on the financial and strategic performance. The proposition is that business critical outsourcing is approached with a joint risk perspective and that an understanding of the decision process is essential for success. Further, it is important to view outsourcing as an ongoing process with a number of key stages.

  • 31.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The Role of Logistics in Retailers' Corporate Strategy: A Driver for Growth and Customer Value2010Ingår i: Supply Chain Forum: an International Journal, ISSN 1625-8312, E-ISSN 1624-6039, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 14-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the role of logistics and supply chain management (SCM) in retailers’ corporate strategy and is based on reviewing multiple qualitative case studies of companies in the Swedish food retail sector. The article proposes that the role of logistics for what is referred to in this paper as modern retailers is twofold: to create profitability and to support growth and market expansion. International modern retailers are empirically compared with similar companies in the Swedish market. The dominating Swedish food retailers have taken command in the food supply chain but are primarily concerned with traditional logistics roles in cost cutting. This role is perfectly fine as long as the strategic intent of the companies is focused on market retention and not on geographical expansion and/or new marketing or store concepts. We argue that the success of modern retailers in terms of growth rate, profitability, and market expansion is explained to a large extent by the role of logistics in corporate strategy—when the role for supporting growth and increasing customer value from high-performance supply capabilities is a driver for market expansion. However, in many of our cases the traditional logistics roles of cutting costs and lead-times is still the dominating pattern that limits the possibility of expanding into new markets. Better knowledge of logistics’ role in retail corporate strategy can help companies develop and improve their strategic intent as well as redefine the role of logistics.

  • 32.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Olle, Olsson
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The Role of Buying Groups in Retail Logistics2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 33.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Olsson, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The role of purchasing groups in retail logistics2012Ingår i: Nordic retail research: emerging diversity / [ed] Johan Hagberg, Ulrika Holmberg, Malin Sundström, Lars Walter, Göteborg: Bokförlaget BAS , 2012, 1, s. 155-172Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book aims to provide an illustration of the diversity that characterises contemporary Nordic research in the field of retail. The book draws on a large variety of methods, describes a variety of retail sectors and covers a large number of retail phenomena. The book is suitable for researchers, graduate students and professionals who want to learn more about contemporary retailing research

  • 34.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Logistik i svensk handel: ett projekt finansierat av Handelns Utvecklingsråd2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten sammanfattar ett forskningsprojekt, Logistik i svensk handel, som har pågått under perioden juli 2009 t.o.m. februari 2011 och som är finansierat av Handelns Utvecklingsråd.

    En utgångspunkt och hypotes för projektet var att det finns avgörande branschmässiga skillnader i sättet att arbeta med logistikfrågor. En hypotes som har testats mot empirin, vilket har lett till slutsatsen att logistiken endast i begränsad omfattning är branschspecifik och att branschtillhörighet inte är den avgörande faktorn för hur logistiken utformas för handelsföretag. En viktigare faktor, är hur butikerna drivs visavi centrala enheter, hur integrationen ser ut mellan logistikstrategi och inköps- respektive marknadsstrategi, samt hur systemgränserna för logistiken definieras.

    Genom hela arbetet har vi jämfört den logistikbild vi har sett med en ”ideal bild”, i form av logistiken i internationell ”mega-retailing”, vilket idag representerar ”best practice” inom logistik och där logistiken är en integrerad del av företagens affärsmodell och ett direkt stöd för företagets lönsamhet och tillväxt. Den jämförelsen visar att det är mycket stora skillnader i logistikkompetens och mognad mellan olika företag och att logistik inom många handelsföretag fortfarande är ett område med stor förbättringspotential.

    Förutom den här rapporten har projektet genererat en lång rad akademiska artiklar som är publicerade i journaler och/eller har presenterats på konferenser och seminarier. Vi har varit i kontakt med ett stort antal, kollegor, företag och forskare i Sverige och andra länder för att samla material. Ett stort tack till alla de som har bidragit med material till projektet.

    Ett speciellt tack till Andreas Hedlund på Handelns Utvecklingsråd, som förutom finansiellt stöd har backat upp projektet med seminarier arrangerade av Handelns utvecklingsråd.

    Linköping i Maj 2011

    Mats Abrahamsson   Jakob Rehme   Erik Sandberg

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Stahre, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Huge-Brodin, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Andersson, Dan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Logistics Changes and Challenges in Swedish Food Supply Chains2008Ingår i: Nofoma 2008, 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 36.
    Abring, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Transaktionsexponerade kassaflöden: En kvalitativ studie om hur styrdokument reglerar den praktiska hanteringen av transaktionsexponerade kassaflöden2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I och med en ökad internationell handel har det blivit allt viktigare med en adekvat hantering av transaktionsexponering. Valutor är förknippade med olika risker och ger således upphov till skild transaktionsexponering, vid handel med utlandet. Tidigare forskning förordar att hantering av trasaktionsexponering regleras via styrdokument, och vi har identifierat en avsaknad av forskning kring hur svenska företags styrdokument är utformade.

    Problemformulering: I vilken utsträckning kongruerar tidigare forskning med hur svenska företag har utformat styrdokument för hantering av transaktionsexponering i olika valutor?

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att, i relation till vad tidigare forskning förespråkar, undersöka och analysera hur styrdokument för hantering av transaktionsexponering är utformat i företag. Studien syftar även till att analysera skiljaktigheter i styrdokumentet för transaktionsexponering i olika valutor, samt vilka faktorer som ger upphov till eventuella avvikelser.

    Slutsatser: Studiens resultat tyder på en tydlig kongruens mellan tidigare forskning och etablerade tillvägagångssätt för hur styrdokument för hantering av transaktions-exponering är utformat i svenska företag. Styrdokumentet är övergripande i sin utformning; reglerar strategin för riskhantering men inte tillvägagångssättet för hanteringen. Styrdokumentet reglerar inga skillnader för hur transaktionsexponering i olika valutor ska hanteras, trots att den faktiska hanteringen uppvisar markanta skillnader. Upphov till olik hantering ger: faktorer relaterade till valutamarknadens egenskaper, företagsspecifika faktorer och andra påverkande omvärldsfaktorer.

    Kunskapsbidrag: Studien bidrar till en ökad förståelse och tydligare nyansering av hur svenska företag styr hantering av transaktionsexponering, utifrån ett företagsperspektiv. Vidare ämnar studien föranleda intresse för hur företag reglerar hantering av transaktions-exponering i olika valutor, och av vilken bevekelsegrund.

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  • 37.
    Abu Sa'a, Ehab
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Asplund, Fredrik
    KTH, Sweden.
    University-industry collaboration enabling cross-industry knowledge sharing2023Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Cross-industry knowledge sharing is a dynamic phenomenon that can thrive at the intersection of academia and industry. Through a qualitative case study of research-centric and network-focused university-industry collaboration (UIC), this study delves into the intricate interplay of structural social capital within UIC and its role in enabling cross-industry knowledge sharing. Data collection was done through interviews and observations over a period of 24 months. Our findings underscore the multifaceted nature of cross-industry knowledge sharing, revealing that it is influenced by the specific focus of UIC structures. In UIC with a research-centric orientation, formal and structured coordination activities prevail. Here, academia leads the way, cultivating shared norms based on academic logic. Cognitive social capital, built through knowledge abstraction, is coopted to facilitate cross-industry knowledge sharing. These collaborations are driven by the imperative for publishable results and align with academia's research agenda. Conversely, UICs emphasizing networking and relationships foster informal structural social capital. Academic involvement is less pronounced, and knowledge sharing occurs through unstructured, informal interactions. Cross-industry knowledge sharing in these settings is more context-specific, potentially requiring less effort for application but following a less structured knowledge transfer process. Research-oriented UIC face challenges regarding long-term relationships due to the finite nature of public funding, while networking-focused UIC grapple with academic disengagement tied to research funding. Nonetheless, they find innovative ways to endure, such as realizing the importance to engage industrial representatives. This study advances our understanding of cross-industry knowledge sharing by elucidating how the structural social capital within UICs shapes the dynamics of knowledge transfer. It highlights the importance of considering the orientation and focus of UICs when harnessing their potential for cross-industry knowledge sharing, offering valuable insights for policymakers and strategists in the public-private interface.

  • 38.
    Abu Sa'a, Ehab
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Gunnarsson, Arnthor
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Mitigating the Need of Prior Experience for Firms to Engage in University-Industry Collaborations2023Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the modern business environment, University-Industry Collaboration (UIC) has emerged as a dynamic mechanism for knowledge co-creation and a way for firms to reach and sustain a competitive advantage. Collaborative university-industry (CUI) PhD projects offer a way to translate academic research into practical industry applications. Prior research emphasises the importance of prior UIC experience for firms to achieve successful knowledge related outcomes in UIC. This study explores how firms with limited UIC experience can effectively navigate the challenges and harness the benefits of such collaborations. In the context of Manufacturing Academy of Denmark (MADE) program, we investigate CUI PhD projects as pathways for fostering learning environments and generating valuable knowledge outcomes. Examining multiple cases, we identify themes that could help less experienced firms to navigate their success in UIC. Our findings underscore that careful project planning and design, strategic use of intermediaries, and fostering a firm-wide attitude of commitment play pivotal roles in enabling successful collaborations. This paper offers actionable insights that bridge the experience gap, providing practical guidance for firms aiming to unlock the full potential of UIC collaborations. By strategically embracing these approaches, less experienced firms can effectively navigate the intricacies of collaborative projects, enhancing their ability to thrive in the dynamic intersection of academia and industry. 

  • 39.
    Abu Sa'a, Ehab
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap.
    Yström, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Exploring enablers of internal knowledge dissemination for boundary-spanning industrial PhD students2024Ingår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial PhD students, affiliating to industrial firms and academic institutions, hold unique boundary-spanning positions as they engage in knowledge co-creation through university–industry collaboration (UIC). Despite much research on knowledge transfer processes and boundary spanners in inter-organizational contexts, firms who engage in UIC remain uncertain about how to reap the benefits of co-creating knowledge through industrial PhD projects. This paper investigates the enablers of knowledge dissemination for PhD students in industrial firms. Based on a qualitative case study in Sweden, our study identifies enablers and mechanisms related to individual and organizational actions in the internal knowledge dissemination process. Based on the findings, the paper presents a model that distinguishes between surface and deep knowledge dissemination and elaborates on the symbiotic nature of enablers, with middle management mediating between the individual and organizational levels. The paper enhances research on knowledge dissemination in UIC by specifically addressing industrial PhD students' dissemination of co-created knowledge. The findings inform organizations in managing their expectations, making more informed decisions and improving dissemination conditions for boundary-spanning industrial PhD students in UIC.

  • 40.
    Abu Sa'a, Ehab
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Yström, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Laying the ground: Shaping Knowledge Ecosystems through Industry-University Collaboration.2021Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 41.
    Abu Sa'a, Ehab
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Yström, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Leveraging co-created knowledge: Perspectives on University-Industry Collaboration2023Ingår i: Management of Innovation and Technology, Vol. 3, s. 8-11Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 42.
    Abukaf, Ward
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Gustafsson, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Finns det direkta kopplingar?: En kvalitativ studie om mål och dess påverkan på inkubationsprocessen hos svenska inkubatorer2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Inkubatorer är organisationer som syftar till att hjälpa nystartade företag att växa och överleva sina tidiga år. Det finns tydligt beskrivet hur inkubatorernas stödprocesserär utformade, men beskrivningar om hur och varför de utformats på detta sätt lyser med sin frånvaro. Ett fåtal forskare har antagit eller beskrivit kopplingar mellan processutformning och organisationers målsättning, men ingen tydlig koppling verkar ha identifierats. Genom att sammankoppla målsättning och process syftar denna studie till att illustrera hur processer utformas, både inom inkubatorer och hos andra organisationstyper.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva hur målsättningen hos icke-vinstdrivande svenska inkubatorer påverkar utformningen av inkubatorernas inkubationsprocesser.

    Metod: Uppsatsen utgår ifrån ett konstruktionistiskt perspektiv med en abduktiv ansats, som i sin tur inneburit ett iterativt arbetssätt. Studien har en kvalitativ forskningsdesign, och undersöker 11 svenska inkubatorer i en fenomenbaserad små-N-studie. Uppsatsens respondenter valdes ut genom ett i huvudsak målstyrt urval, och data från respondenterna har samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. En tematisk analys har utförts baserat på den empiriska data för att finna kopplingar till uppsatsens frågeställningar.

    Slutsats: Studien drar tydliga kopplingar mellan målsättning hos svenska icke vinstdrivande inkubatorer och deras inkubationsprocesser. Dessa kopplingar kan dras både mellan övergripande mål och specifika mål inom organisationerna. Urvalet till en inkubator påverkas mycket av inkubatorns olika mål. Vissa delar av handledningsprocessen, främst nätverksaktiviteter och rådgivning, påverkas också tydligt av inkubatorns mål. Denna studie har dessutom påvisat att de specifika målen som formulerats hos inkubatorerna ofta baseras på de övergripande målen.

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    FinnsDirektaKopplingar
  • 43. Achi, Abdelkader
    et al.
    Salinesi, Camille
    Viscusi, Gianluigi
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Informationssystem och digitalisering.
    Innovation capacity and the role of information systems: a qualitative study2016Ingår i: Journal of Management Analytics, ISSN 2327-0012, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 333-360Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Today businesses are facing radical transformations through digitalization of services and products. Accordingly, their ability to innovate is increasingly linked to the capacity to innovate through information and communication technologies (ICTs). This article investigates the role of information systems (IS) as a key factor for innovation capacity. To this end, the article discusses an interpretive framework for understanding the degree of capacity of innovation through information systems (IS) reached by a given company and the contradictions that bound its evolution. An interpretive study is also presented, where the framework has been applied to seven French companies from various industries. Consistently with the framework, the interviews address process areas and practices related to three core categories: management, innovation engineering and support. The study reveals seven fundamental contradictions that can explain the main tendencies observed across the companies.

  • 44.
    Achten, Peter
    et al.
    INNAS, Netherlands.
    Mommers, Robin
    INNAS, Netherlands.
    Nishiumi, Takao
    Natl Def Acad, Japan.
    Murrenhoff, Hubertus
    Ifas RWTH Aachen Univ, Germany.
    Sepehri, Nariman
    Univ Manitoba, Canada.
    Stetson, Kim
    Univ Minnesota, MN USA.
    Palmberg, Jan-Ove
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Fluida och mekatroniska system. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Schmitz, Katharina
    Ifas RWTH Aachen Univ, Germany.
    MEASURING THE LOSSES OF HYDROSTATIC PUMPS AND MOTORS: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF ISO4409:20072020Ingår i: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASME/BATH SYMPOSIUM ON FLUID POWER AND MOTION CONTROL, 2019, AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS , 2020, artikel-id UNSP V001T01A007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    ISO 4409 is the most important international standard for measuring the efficiency of hydraulic pumps and motors, the latest edition being 4409:2007. The standard describes methods for determining the steady-state performance in terms of overall efficiency. It also defines equations for calculating the volumetric efficiency of pumps and motors. The hydromechanical efficiency is only defined for motors, not for pumps. This paper analyses the efficiency and losses of pumps and motors in an alternative way. The preference is on loss analysis instead of efficiencies. Especially the effects of the bulk modulus are considered in a different and more inclusive manner. The new methodology results in a higher total loss for motor and a lower total loss for pumps than the current ISO 4409 standard. Furthermore, it results in significant changes of the hydro-mechanical and volumetric losses. The differences between the new methodology and ISO 4409 become larger for high load pressures. The new methodology demands knowledge about the minimum volume of the displacement chamber. The ratio between this volume and the full displacement of a single displacement chamber strongly influences the hydro mechanical and volumetric losses of the pump or motor. The new methodology is valid for all positive displacement hydrostatic pumps and motors. The volumetric efficiency, as defined in ISO 4409, can still be used as a flow rate factor, but should not be regarded as an energy conversion efficiency. The importance of adopting the proposed methodology is further demonstrated by analyzing and comparing the measurement data about a fixed displacement pump and motor, showing the differences in the loss analysis by means of ISO 4409 and the new equations. The methodology, observations and validation results presented in this paper are significant and can pave the road for improving the current ISO 4409:2007 standard, which would ultimately benefit the industry.

  • 45.
    Achtenhagen, Leona
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    With a focus on context - studies on women's entrepreneurship from Nordic countries and beyond: Guest Editorial2012Ingår i: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 4-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to direct attention to recent research on women's entrepreneurship, focusing on Nordic countries.Design/methodology/approach– The paper encourages research that investigates how context, at the micro, meso and macro level, is related to women's entrepreneurship, and acknowledges that gender is socially constructed.Findings– This paper finds evidence that recent calls for new directions in women's entrepreneurship research are being followed, specifically with regard to how gender is done and how context is related to women's entrepreneurial activities.Originality/value– This paper assesses trends in research on women's entrepreneurship, mainly from the Nordic countries.

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    With a focus on context - studies on women's entrepreneurship from Nordic countries and beyond: Guest Editorial
  • 46.
    Ackebjer Turesson, Hampus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem.
    Werneskog, Jesper
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem.
    The Challenge of Providing Sufficient Grid Capacity for Electrification to Be a Key Factor in Achieving Climate Neutrality Until 2045: A national and regional demand analysis investigating the future electricity demand and the grid operators' perspectives on large-scale electrification in Sweden2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to contribute to grid planning and public debate about how the electric power system can cope with electrification and decarbonisation. The thesis is based on the assumption that Sweden, in accordance with the climate goals, will achieve climate neutrality by 2045.

    Based on a literature review, an analysis is made of how different scenarios predict the future national electricity demand up until 2045 and identifies the underlying drivers for changes in electricity demand. A more detailed analysis based on results from a literature review and interviews with industry representatives is made for four chosen regions, Norrbotten, Västra Götaland, Stockholm and Skåne. For each region, estimates are made of how high the electrification potential is in the industrial, transport, residential and service sectors.

    The prerequisites for the electricity grid to handle the identified electrification potential, in terms of grid capacity, have been analysed in order to highlight what challenges there are for large-scale electrification to be a key factor in achieving the climate goals.

    The general belief in the studied scenarios is that the national electricity demand will increase until 2045. The investigated scenarios predict increases resulting in an annual national electricity demand of up to 207 TWh in 2045, corresponding to an increase of almost 60 %. The most significant increases are due to decarbonisation in the industry and transport sector.

    The regional analysis shows significant electrification potentials in the investigated regions. A few industries stand out with dramatic increases, Borealis AB in Västra Götaland shows an electrification potential of 8 TWh and 1 000 MW and SSAB in Norrbotten shows an electrification potential of 9 TWh and 900 MW. Significant electrification potentials in the transport, residential and service sectors have been identified in metropolitan areas, i.e. in the region of Stockholm, Västra Götaland and Skåne.

    The grid analysis shows that it will be challenging to increase grid capacity at sufficient speed. It is concluded that there is currently insufficient grid capacity to meet large-scale electrification, and that the grids need to be reinforced. However, the concession process for grid reinforcements is considered too slow to meet the demands that arise, primarily in the industry sector. Three ways to address this challenge have been identified:

    -          If the permission process for electricity grid expansion does not change and the industry is to choose the electrification route, this needs to be decided before 2030 in order for reinforcements in the electricity grid to be ensured before 2045.

    -          Speed up the permit process to allow shorter lead times for power grid expansions.

    -          The industry choose another route for decarbonisation than electrification.

    The overall conclusion is that new approaches for expanding the electricity grid will be required if large-scale electrification is to be a key factor in achieving the climate goals in 2045.  

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  • 47.
    Ackemark, Joel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Nyttiggörandet av intermittentenergi - interna och externa lösningar vid Siemens Energy, Finspång: Utveckling av ett systematiskt arbetssätt för utvärdering av tekniska lösningar2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition to a sustainable future is one of the biggest, and most current challengestoday. It’s something that manifests, both political in terms of policies but also in theincreasing societal awereness regarding sustainability. The Paris agreement was adoptedin 2015 and aims to limit the global warming below 2 ◦C. Meanwhile large amounts of fossilfuels and raw materials are being consumed which furthers the issue. One way to limitits effect is to make use of the residual flows that’s being created. Unfortunally, it’s morecommon that theese residual flows are being released to the surroundings, often in the formof excess heat. One of the reasons for this originates in limited system boundaries whereactors solely focus on their own operation and do not explore the possibility of cooperationwith others actors. Previous research demonstrates that actors lack methods to evaluatepotential solutions with a systematical approach which leads to missed opportunities—especially for the utilization of underutilized resources—for energy efficiency. Thus thisMaster’s thesies aims to investigate the potential with excess energy and different waysactors can capitalize on it. Furthermore the study aims to present decision basis by applying a Multi-criteria analysis but also identify knowledge gaps connected to decisionmakingoverall and how the method can be used to reduce theese.

    This Master’s thesis was conducted through a case study at Siemens Energy in Finspång,Sweden, where a Multi-criteria analysis was applied on their intermittent energyflow ofelectricity stemming from gas turbine testing. A literature study was used to determinewhich potential solutions that would be included in the method while a interview studywith employees on the focal company gave rise to the indicators that were used to evaluatethe solutions. The result showed that four solutions, hydrogen production, district heatingproduction, battery park and Direct Air Capture all fulfilled the demands. The resultfurther indicated that all four solutions had their individual strengths and weaknessesconnected to the three sustainability aspects and therefore the best solution depends onwhich aspect is valued the most. From an economical standpoint, hydrogen roduction wasthe most attractive while Direct Air Capture and district heating production were mostfavourable in terms of ecological- and social profitability. Although battery park was notconsidered best in one particular area, the analysis highlighted the fact that it can facilitatea higher effectiveness from the other solutions if implemented. Therefore it is in this studyrecommended to investigate the possibility to implement a combination of these solutionsto maximize the benefit and whether it’s possible to do so in conjunction with other actors.

    It can be concluded that Multi-criteria analysis can be used to foster the utilization ofunderutilized resources by providing a systematical method for basis decision. To achievereal change though, it’s necessary that actors expand their system boundaries to includeresidual flows from other actors. Nevertheless, it must be underlined the importance thatevery actor strive individually to be the most sustainable they can be, only then can weachieve a sustainble future.

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  • 48.
    Ackerstierna, Joel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Gullbrandsson, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Framtidens fastighetsbransch: PropTech och co-workings påverkan på kundvärdet i kontorslokaler: Identifikationen av de faktorer som möjliggör kundvärde och dess påverkan på tjänsteerbjudandet2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Problem definition: Digital innovation affects the world's economies and markets, where business-independent industry changes its way of working. The commercial real estate industry faces a change, where the two concepts of smart home and mobility change the appearance of the future market. On the market, there is an exponential increase in the number of companies utilizing the two concepts, companies collectively called PropTech companies, which act as catalysts for the transformation. Another trend is co-working, a new flexible office solution that utilizes the mobility change and disrupts the current value chain. These trends affect existing property managers, who should review their business model in view of the new technology to remain competitive. A major challenge with PropTech is the lack of understanding of the benefits it brings and what customer value it actually creates, making it difficult to create value offers that actually meet customer needs. The different types of PropTech and co-working provide a potential for new types of services that benefit the tenants in their business and can provide an easier work life balance.

    Purpose of the study: The purpose of this master thesis is to identify the impact PropTech and co-working has on commercial real estate tenants in Stockholm.

    Methodology: The study is of an exploratory character and aimed to explore what contributes to customer value for commercial tenants in Stockholm today and the impact PropTech and co-working has on it. The performance of the study was a combination of a cross-sectional approach, a qualitative, deductive and partly an inductive approach. A total of 16 semi-structured interviews were conducted, consisting of 11 property managers with internal management and five tenants working in the consulting industry. By interviewing tenants simultaneously with the property manager, it was established that the property managers' insight into the tenants' needs were in line with reality. The collected empirical data was analyzed on the basis of the applied reference framework and its factors that drive the customer value of tenants in office premises in Stockholm.

    Conclusions: The impact of digitization is of a complex nature and ranges from negative to positive aspects and everything in-between. The study identified four PropTech-services that can benefit company tenants in various ways and their impacts on customer value: property management, quantification & efficiency, office services and search platforms for working places. Co-working was also included as a service that affects customer value in office spaces.Identified factors creating customer value for company tenants were quality, adaptability, cost reduction and price. Each factor was further dissected to describe more accurately how it impacts tenants, these under factors consisted of tangibles, reliability, assurance, customer focus, co-creation, mass customization, flexibility, monetary costs, non-monetary costs, low cost and premium price.The study found that the most important aspect of property management, in order to have a positive impact on the tenants, is assurance. There also exists a potential positive impact for the service via non-monetary cost reductions. Furthermore, property management has a negative impact on customer focus and assurance. 

    The most important aspects of quantification & efficiency, in order to have a positive impact on the tenants, are tangibles, non-monetary cost reductions and flexibility. There also exists both a potential positive impact as well as a negligible impact for the service via monetary cost reductions.The most important aspect of office services, in order to have a positive impact on the tenants, is low price. There also exists a negligible impact for the service via non-monetary cost reductions.The most important aspects of search platforms for working places, in order to have a positive impact on the tenants, are flexibility and monetary cost reductions.The most important aspects of co-working, in order to have a positive impact on the tenants, are mass customization, flexibility and monetary cost reductions. There also exists a negative impact for the service via tangibles.The authors of this study encourage for further quantitative research regarding the subject.

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  • 49.
    Adamsson, Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Affärsrätt.
    Produkters funktionsskador ur ett skadestånds- och försäkringsrättsligt perspektiv: Om säljares skadeståndsskyldighet när levererade produkter är behäftade med funktionsfel, samt om ansvarsförsäkringens betydelse för funktionsfel2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats behandlas kommersiella säljares skadeståndsansvar när levererade produkter är behäftade med funktionsfel. Funktionsfel i produkter kännetecknas av att felaktiga detaljer från tillverkningen av en beståndsdel orsakar en minskad funktion i slutprodukten. I uppsatsen klarläggs även vilken betydelse ansvarsförsäkringen har för köparens möjligheter att erhålla ersättning när denna drabbats av funktionsskador härledda av köpt felaktig egendom.

    I uppsatsen undersöks ingrediens- och komponentskador ur främst ett skadestånds- och försäkringsrättsligt perspektiv, med avsikten att klargöra säljarens skadeståndsskyldighet i inomobligatoriska förhållanden samt vilka ansvarsgrunder som är aktuella i utomobligatoriska relationer. Även det försäkringsrättsliga skyddet för ingrediens- och komponentskador utreds, samt betydelsen för försäkringsskyddet huruvida den inträffade skadan är en skadeståndsrättslig sakskada eller en skada som ryms inom säljarens köprättsliga felansvar undersöks.

    Uppsatsen innehåller därutöver ett empiriskt avsnitt, vars avsikt är att klarlägga hur de svenska ledande försäkringsbolagens relevanta försäkringsvillkor är utformade samt vilken syn försäkringsbolagen har på begreppet sakskada och funktionsskadeprincipen.

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  • 50.
    Adebring, Carl Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Zachrisson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Leverantörsrelationer på Volvo Aero Corporation: En modell för val av lämplig strategi för leverantörshantering2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Volvo Aero Corporation är en stor leverantör till de tre stora flygmotortillverkarna, General Electric, Pratt & Whitney och Rolls Royce. Komponenter som företaget producerar används i över 80 % av dagens kommersiella motorer. Nya motorprogram, där Volvo Aero eftersträvar att ha en mer aktiv roll gällande design och utveckling, har lett till nya utmaningar för företaget. Samtidigt har en komplicerad leverantörsmarknad, bland annat på grund av konsolidering, blivit svårare att hantera. Av denna anledning finns ett intresse av att förbättra företagets relationer och samarbeten med sina leverantörer, bland annat för att höja effektiviteten och sänka kostnader och ledtider.

    I ett led att klara detta, gav Volvo Aero oss uppgiften att studera och analysera teorier kring hantering av leverantörsrelationer för att se om vi kunde hitta passande modeller som är applicerbara på de nya situationer som företaget står inför.

    Vi utförde studier av en mängd teorier, och sökte att finna vilka som passade Volvo Aeros situation bäst. Många av de teorier vi funnit har sitt ursprung i fordonsindustrin eller Lean produktion, men vi har även använt mer generella teorier. Vi identifierade från dessa teorier de parametrar som har inflytande på vilken typ av förhållande företaget bör ha. Vi sökte speciellt efter de nyckelparametrar som bestämmer förutsättningarna för relationen, exempelvis maktbalansen eller mängden anpassningar och investeringar som företagen gjort.

    Utifrån detta har vi skapat en modell bestående av de teorier vi funnit relevanta, där vi applicerar parametrar specifika för en given relation. Modellen ger sedan underlag för att dra slutsatser om vilka strategier som är lämpliga för relationen givet den förenklade verklighet som parametrarna beskriver.

    Vi applicerade denna modell på tre specifika fall, och gjorde dessutom en generell analys av företaget leverantörsrelationer. De specifika fallen utgjordes av leverantörsrelationer som vi valt ut tillsammans med Volvo Aero. I den generella analysen tvingades vi till ett mer abstrakt resonemang, men vi baserade även där analysen på de parametrar och teorier som utgjorde modellen.

    Vad vi fann med analysen var att modellen fungerade på önskat sätt, och att det var möjligt att applicera teorierna på företaget med till synes goda resultat. Vi kan från detta även dra slutsatsen att modellen är applicerbar även på andra leverantörsrelationer, så väl som på andra företag, men då eventuellt med mindre justeringar.

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