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  • 601.
    Åkerberg, Filip
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Flodell, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Produktionsekonomi.
    Future production state at Strömsholmen AB: - A singel case study analyzing the impacts of eliminating a bottleneck with a total cost perspective2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    All producing companies strive to deliver high-quality products to meet their customers’ requirements, to a reasonable price. In order for the companies to stay competitive, it is important to have an efficient flow through the production and therefore continually analyze and develop their own production.

    The master thesis was carried out at Strömsholmen AB (SAB), a company which produces and develops gas springs and hydraulic springs. Their production is made by a machining hall and an assembly hall, with a component inventory in between. SAB has a plan to upgrade their surface treatment process, the current bottleneck in the production. The goal with the thesis is to point out the future bottlenecks and constraints, furthermore, propose improvements for a more efficient flow. To discover the improvements, three research questions were asked. The first question refers to map out the current production and map the production when the surface treatment is upgraded. The second question is about finding the next bottleneck in the production with an increased order stock. The last question refers to the finding of improvements and the effects related to the production performance.

    In order to fulfill the purpose and answer the research questions, a literature survey was conducted and a collection of empirical data. The literature survey provided a connection to the existing theory and the study. The empirical data consists of quantitative data which illustrates the current production, the collected qualitative data gives a more in-depth knowledge about SAB’s production. The data has been collected through observations, semi-structed interviews and documentation. The analyze was built upon the five-why method, to find the root causes in the production.

    The empirical data established that SAB has a complex material flow through the production and a big assortment of components. Beyond that, the surface treatment process was verified as the current bottleneck of the production. When the surface treatment was upgraded, seven percent capacity was available until next machine group will reach the capacity cap. In the analyze, the current production and potential improvements were compared with the existing theories. The study pointed out the value creating and waste steps of the production and how to adjust the flow according to the value creating and waste steps. Further on, future bottlenecks were pointed out, the bottlenecks could discourage the potential to increase the order stock. Two distinguished results could be established from the analysis. First of all, it would be suitable to implement flow shop for A product’s (stands for 70% of the revenue) components that have the same material flow and go through the same machine groups. This would reduce the production throughput time and enable lower stock levels and thereby decrease the inventory carrying cost. The second result is considering how to eliminate the future bottlenecks in the production, this can be done with either sub-contractors or balance the workload. Consequently, this will enable an 20% increased order stock from the production. In addition to these two major improvements, several other improvements were found during the study which will affect SAB’s potential to gain more profit. The improvements include investigate the quality of their data, start performing forecast and review the number of products and components.

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  • 602.
    Åklint, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Övergripande kvalitets och kapabilitets granskning av produktionsprocessen – en implementering av SPS.: Overall Quality and Capability Study of the Production Process – an Implement of SPC.2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    Quality was earlier only an issue for the company’s quality departments but today is the entire organization involved in quality- and improvements work. With the customers in focus, both external and internal, quality and improvement work should be integrated in the daily activities. The management shall state goals and visions together with a policy. Through participation the correct requirements for a successful work are created.

    With SPC, statistics process control, there is an opportunity to perceive variations in the process and with the correct tools make it stable. Examples of tools that can be used are the seven QC – tools and the PDCA – cycles, which are presented more detailed in the report.

    By using SPC and the information given by it, a measure of the process capability within fixed tolerances on the produced parts can be achieved.

    The analysis in this report has been made in order to verify the capability and variations in the measuring system used within a selected production sector.

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  • 603.
    Öberg, Ludvig
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell ekonomi.
    Almquist, Isak
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell ekonomi.
    The Use of Management Control in Decentralized Autonomous Organizations: A descriptive case study on the use of management control in three Ethereum blockchain based DAOs2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Decentralized autonomous organizations, or DAOs, are spoken highly of in cryptocurrency spaces as a new way of organizing capital and labor. The basic concept is an organization with a shared vision or goal, where the participants and/or outside stakeholders own tokens that grant governing rights over resources through smart contracts. The smart contract usage allows the organization to govern resources without relying on any trusted third parties such as governments, banks, companies or other entities, at least in theory. It also allows the governing of resources without a legal entity. As the name suggests, DAOs have a large focus on decentralization, which raises the issue of how it moves in the right direction. Management control offers suggestions for how traditional organizations move in the right, or intended, direction, and this report tries to apply theory from that field to the DAO organization type.

    The purpose of this report is to investigate, describe and analyze how management control systems are used within DAOs. The report is an interpretive multiple case study, which gathers data from interviews, observations and a literature study. The data is analyzed by primarily using Malmi and Brown (2008), Olve and Nilsson (2018) and Simons (1994) to filter and identify management control systems.

    This report investigates three DAOs, DXdao, Index Coop and ENS DAO, that attempts to answer the question of how they use management control. DXdao develops products for the blockchain ecosystem, Index Coop creates index fund-like products that bundle together blockchain based assets and ENS DAO owns and furthers a product that lets users claim names on the Ethereum blockchain to be used as URLs, usernames or for other causes.

    The report identifies that many management control systems, such as budget, planing and values, are used in similar ways as in traditional companies. While some other systems such as rewards and compensation, and governance structure seem to have unique aspects to them though the use of tokens for compensation, and a governance process through blockchain based voting.

    Furthermore, the report identifies the different definition of Decentralization between the management control field and the blockchain industry. Where the blockchain industry focus on the distribution of decision-making and control, whereas in Management Controlthe focus is on the division of responsibility to managers. The report concludes that one can view decentralization as a position on a scale, between complete individual decision making to a completely collective decision-making, where most DAOs lay in between these two extremes. 

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    The Use of Management Control in Decentralized Autonomous Organizations
  • 604.
    Öhrn, Viktor
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Sjöblom, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Underhållskoncept: tillståndsbaserat underhåll på smörj- och hydrauloljesystem2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Denna rapport beskriver vårt tio veckor långa examensarbete som är den avslutande delen i vår maskiningenjörsutbildning. Arbetet har utförts vid serviceavdelning på Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB (Siemens). Siemens som ligger i Finspång tillverkar, säljer och servar ång - och gasturbinanläggningar över hela världen.

    Syftet med arbetet är att hjälpa Siemens att utveckla sina serviceprogram för två av de kringsystem som ingår i en ångturbinanläggning, dessa är smörj- och hydrauloljesystem.

    Arbetet är avgränsat till två av Siemens serviceprodukter, No Stop Check (NSC) och Säkerhetsinspektion (SI). Även vissa delar av de större revisionerna har undersökts.

    I arbetet har olika underhållsfilosofier undersökts och utvärderats. Fokus har riktats mot att undersöka möjligheter att utföra underhållsåtgärder med turbinanläggningen i drift. I och med den höga kapacitet dagens ångturbinanläggningar har blir de ekonomiska förlusterna enormt stora vid ett eventuellt produktionsbortfall.

    Under arbetets gång har många diskussioner och intervjuer ägt rum. Information har också inhämtats genom dokument, böcker och Internet. En så kallad Failure Mode and Effect Criticality Analysis (FMECA) har också legat till grund för arbetet när metoder och åtgärder för underhållet diskuterats.

    Siemens nuvarande underhåll är till stor del erfarenhets- och tidsbaserat. Vi har försökt att applicera ett mer tillståndsbaserat underhåll och därför har mycket tid ägnats åt att hitta metoder att tillståndskontrollera utrustningen med.

    Arbetet har genererat ett flertal olika rekommendationer på underhållsaktiviteter som är tillståndsbaserade och anpassade för Siemens turbinanläggningar. Tanken är att dessa förslag ska användas i det fortsatta underhållsarbetet och dessutom väcka idéer till fortsatt utveckling av tillståndsbaserat underhåll.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 605.
    Ölund, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för konstruktions- och produktionsteknik.
    San Pedro S.A.: Taking the first step to a safer work environment2006Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    As a part of improving the production, the Bolivian door manufacturer San Pedro S.A. needs to develop their level of industrial safety. Today their safety level is considered to be almost non-existing. Together with CADEFOR, San Pedro wishes for a handbook that show them how to work with industrial safety, how to implement it and were to begin.

    Much needs to be done at San Pedro and the task has been to show both them and CADEFOR which parts San Pedro need to focus on to increase the overall safety.

    It is considered important that they chose to start with the most crucial areas but the aim is that they will, during a period of time, attend to all problem areas mentioned.

    The first thing San Pedro needs to do is to form an aim for the safety work. This means setting up a policy and routines for the ongoing work.

    Secondly they should start working with improving the fire security, informing the personal about the risks they are exposed to. Further they should educate attendants in first aid, use the protection on the machines available and create a better luminosity environment.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 606. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Östlin, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    On Remanufacturing Systems: Analysing and Managing Material Flows and Remanufacturing Processes2008Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of remanufacturing is to retrieve a product’s inherent value when the product no longer fulfils the user’s desired needs. By taking advantage of this inherent value through different product recovery alternatives, there is a potential for both economically and environmental advantageous recovery of products.

    Remanufacturing is a complex business due to the high degree of uncertainty in the production process, mainly caused by two factors: the quantity and the quality of returned products. These factors have implications both on the external processes, e.g. coordinating input of returned products with the demand for remanufactured products, as well as the internal processes that coordinates the operations within the factory walls. This additional complexity needs to be considered when organising the remanufacturing system.

    The objective of this dissertation is to explore how remanufacturing companies can become more competitive through analysing and managing material flows and remanufacturing processes.

    The first issue discussed in this dissertation is the drivers that make companies interested in remanufacturing products in the first place. The conclusion is that the general drivers are profit, company policy and the environmental drivers. In a general sense, the profit motivation is the most prevalent business driver, but still there are situations where this motivation is secondary to policy and environmental drivers. Secondly, the need to balance the supply of returned products with the demand for remanufactured products shows that the possible remanufacturing volumes for a product are dependent on the shape of the supply and demand distributions. By using a product life cycle perspective, the supply and demand situations can be foreseen and support is given on possible strategies in these different supply and demand situations. Thirdly, how used products are gathered from customers is categorised by seven different customer relationship types. These types all have different effects on the remanufacturing system, and the characteristics of these relationships are disused in detail.

    When considering the remanufacturing process within the factory walls, a generic remanufacturing process was developed that divides the remanufacturing process into five different phases; pre-disassembly, disassembly, reprocessing, reassembly and the post-assembly phase. These different phases are separated by three different key decision points in the process that also have a major impact on the material planning of the process. For the remanufacturing material planning and production planning, the possibility to apply lean principles can be difficult. One foundation for implementing lean principles in new production is the existence of standardised processes that are stable and predictable. In the remanufacturing system, the possibilities to realise a predictable process is limited by the “normal” variations in quantity and the quality of the returned cores. Even though lean principles can be problematic to implement in the remanufacturing environment, this dissertation proposes a number of solutions that can be used to make the remanufacturing process leaner.

    Delarbeten
    1. Business drivers for remanufacturing
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Business drivers for remanufacturing
    2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of CIRP Life Cycle Engineering Seminar , 15th edition, Sidney, Australia, 2008, s. 581-586Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the aim is to explore what drives companies to get involved in the remanufacturing operations. In the previous research there have been numerous case studies that partly have addresses the issue of why a company is getting involved in remanufacturing. A main conclusion from this study is that the motives for remanufacturing a product are very case-dependent e.g. in what industry sector the company have business in and what product type being remanufactured. In this study it is found that there are mainly three general business drivers for remanufacturing. These are: profit, company policy and the environmental drivers. For remanufacturing to be successful, these drivers are crucial, although it does not propose that all of theses drivers have to be present for a successful remanufacturing system. When combining the profit, policy and environmental factors there is a great potential for a win-win-win situation, meaning that the customer gets a quality product at a lower price, the manufacturer reduces their manufacturing costs and the environment gains from a lower environmental impact.

    Nationell ämneskategori
    Samhällsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13320 (URN)1877040673 (ISBN)
    Konferens
    15th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-05-27 Skapad: 2008-05-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-04-12
    2. Product life-cycle implications for remanufacturing strategies
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Product life-cycle implications for remanufacturing strategies
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, Vol. 17, nr 11, s. 999-1009Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    For remanufacturing to be successful, there is a need to gain information on future market needs of remanufactured products, and match this to information on the magnitude of return flows. One of the major issues impacting remanufacturing is in the difficulty of obtaining used products (cores) that are suitable for remanufacturing. The timing and quantity of product returns is dependent on the type of product. Factors such as the mean product lifetime, rate of technical innovation, and failure rate of components all influence the return rate of products from end-of-use and end-of-life. The balance between product returns and demand for remanufactured products is a function of many variables, where the rate of technological innovation and the expected life of a product are the major influencing characteristics. The main contribution of this paper is the support that is provided in different supply and demand situations. By using a product life-cycle perspective, the supply and demand situations can be foreseen, and support given regarding possible strategies in these situations.

    Nyckelord
    Remanufacturing; Component cannibalization; Product life-cycle; Remanufacturing strategies
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Samhällsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13321 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.02.021 (DOI)
    Anmärkning

    Original Publication: Johan Östlin, Erik Sundin and Mats Björkman, Product Lifecycle Implications for Remanufacturing Strategies, 2009, Journal of Cleaner Production, (17), 11, 999-1009. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.02.021 Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. http://www.elsevier.com/

    Tillgänglig från: 2009-06-12 Skapad: 2009-03-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-04-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Importance of Closed Loop Supply Chain Relationships for Product Remanufacturing
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Importance of Closed Loop Supply Chain Relationships for Product Remanufacturing
    2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 115, nr 2, s. 336-348Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Remanufacturing is an industrial process where used products are restored (remanufactured) to useful life. In comparison to manufacturing, remanufacturing has some general characteristics that complicate the supply chain and production system. For example, a company must collect the used products from the customers, and thus the timing and quality of the used products are usually unknown. Remanufacturing companies are dependent on customers to return used products (cores). In this paper, seven different types of closed-loop relationships for gathering cores for remanufacturing have been identified. The relationships identified are ownership-based, service-contract, direct-order, deposit-based, credit-based, buy-back and voluntary-based relationships. Building theory around these different types of relationships, several disadvantages and advantages are described in the paper. By exploring these relationships, a better understanding can be gained about the management of the closed-loop supply chain and remanufacturing.

    Nyckelord
    Product recovery, Reverse logistics, Relationship marketing
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Samhällsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13322 (URN)10.1016/j.ijpe.2008.02.020 (DOI)
    Anmärkning
    Original Publication: Johan Östlin, Erik Sundin and Mats Björkman, Importance of Closed Loop Supply Chain Relationships for Product Remanufacturing, 2008, International Journal of Production Economics, (115), 2, 336-348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2008.02.020 Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. http://www.elsevier.com/ Tillgänglig från: 2009-06-14 Skapad: 2009-03-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Material and Process Complexity: Implications for Remanufacturing
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Material and Process Complexity: Implications for Remanufacturing
    2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of EcoDesign-05, 4th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, Tokyo, Japan, 12-14 December, 2005, s. 154-161Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Remanufacturing is a complex business. Many different factors and decisions affect the performance of a remanufacturing process. In this paper, four different remanufacturing cases are analyzed in how they manage these complexities. Based on the generic remanufacturing process, remanufacturing can be divided into the five phases of pre-disassembly, disassembly, reprocessing, reassembly and post-assembly. In each of these phases, a discussion is made regarding the specific factors and decisions that influence the order and purpose of the individual operations.

    Serie
    Nyckelord
    assembling, manufacturing processes, recycling, disassembly, generic remanufacturing process, process complexity, reassembly, reprocessing
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Teknik och teknologier
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13323 (URN)10.1109/ECODIM.2005.1619192 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-05-27 Skapad: 2008-05-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2009-06-09
    5. Lean Remanufacturing: a Study Regarding Material Flow
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Lean Remanufacturing: a Study Regarding Material Flow
    2008 (Engelska)Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Teknik och teknologier
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13324 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-05-27 Skapad: 2008-05-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-04-12
    6. Lean Production Principles in Remanufacturing: A Case Study at a Toner Cartridge Remanufacturer
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Lean Production Principles in Remanufacturing: A Case Study at a Toner Cartridge Remanufacturer
    2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, IEEE , 2007, s. 216-221Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Scandi-Toner AB works with remanufacturing of toner cartridges; both color cartridges and black cartridges The company Scandi-Toner and the remanufacturing industry in general do, compared to ordinary manufacturing, have some specific characteristics that might limit the possibilities to apply lean production principles, due to the high degree of uncertainty in the production process. These uncertainties are mainly caused by two factors: the quantity and quality of returned cores. Overall, these characteristics make the remanufacturing material flow harder to control. Hence the purpose of this paper is to analyze if lean productions principles for material flow can be applied in a remanufacturing environment, and especially at the Swedish remanufacturer Scandi-Toner AB. The analysis shows that lean production principles can be applied in remanufacturing environments, with some constraints. For the case company the study showed that for example the workshop layout could be improved significantly according to lean production principles. The one major conclusion that can be drawn from this analysis are that the inherent characteristics of variable processing times and uncertainty in materials recovered have the major negative impact for implementing a lean production process. Vice versa, given an accurate supply of parts for reassembly, all the appropriate principles of a lean production material flow can be implemented in the phases of reassembly and testing.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    IEEE, 2007
    Serie
    IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, ISSN 1095-2020
    Nyckelord
    Lean Productlon, Value stream mapping, Rapid Plant Assesment, Remanufacturing
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Samhällsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13325 (URN)10.1109/ISEE.2007.369397 (DOI)000248562400042 ()1-4244-0861-X (ISBN)
    Konferens
    15th International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment (ISEE) , May 7-10, Orlando, USA
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-05-27 Skapad: 2008-05-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-08-23
    7. Material handling in the remanufacturing industry: a case study of a diesel engine remanufacturing process
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Material handling in the remanufacturing industry: a case study of a diesel engine remanufacturing process
    2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of CIRP Life Cycle Engineering Seminar, 12th edition, April 3-5, Laboratorie 3S, Grenoble France, 2005Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Teknik och teknologier
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13326 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-05-27 Skapad: 2008-05-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2009-06-09
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    FULLTEXT01
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    COVER01
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